An early castle was built in the 10th century, or at the very beginning of the 11th. It was destroyed at the end of that same century during the Anjou-Touraine conflicts; rebuilt in the early 12th century, then refitted in the 13th when the lords of Maillé became barons.
There it consisted of an upper yard and lower yard: in the latter, below the former one, there were barns and stables. If big keep stood in the middle of the upper yard, whose ramparts were two storages higher than they are nowadays, and crowded with wooden galleries (hoardings), the material of which was given by Saint Louis. On the North, the castle was defended by a wide moat dug in the rock, a moat which became double on the east. Between these moats there was a fort which defended access to the castle with the drawbridges.
In the 15th century, the inside of the upper yard was transformed by the building of an elegant brick dwelling. In the 16th century, the dwellings were refitted in the west. In the 17th century, the second duke of Luynes had the keep demolished, and a vast classical wing was built that shut off the south side looking out on the valley. That wing was partly demolished in the next century. The Castle was partially restored in the 19th century; the drawbridges were replaced by fixed bridges, some towers were levelled down. The dukes of Luynes still own the Castle.References:
Claude Monet lived for forty-three years, from 1883 to 1926, in Giverny. With a passion for gardening as well as for colours, he conceived both his flower garden and water garden as true works of art. Walking through his house and gardens, visitors can still feel the atmosphere which reigned at the home of the Master of Impressionnism and marvel at the floral compositions and nymphéas, his greatest sources of inspiration.
In 1890 Monet had enough money to buy the house and land outright and set out to create the magnificent gardens he wanted to paint. Some of his most famous paintings were of his garden in Giverny, famous for its rectangular Clos normand, with archways of climbing plants entwined around colored shrubs, and the water garden, formed by a tributary to the Epte, with the Japanese bridge, the pond with the water lilies, the wisterias and the azaleas.
Today the Monet's Garden is open to the public.