The hermitage of San Román de Moroso is a beautiful and genuine example of the Mozarabic art or Repopulation art in the region of Cantabria. This small hermitage erects in a remote gulley of the hills of Bostronizo. It scarcely reaches 12 metres long and six metres wide. Its dating is possibly from the 10th century, although there is not any document to confirm it. However, the first document that proves the existence of the monastery of Moroso is of 1119, the year in which the queen Doña Urraca donates the property to the monastery of St. Domingo de Silos.
It is a construction of regular proportions and perfect adaptation to its volumes. The building, gabled, is made of ashlar stone with pieces well squared in corners and jambs of the spans, put together with mortar. The apse is quadrangular and the gable finishes off a bell gable of later construction. The eaves stands up with foiled modillions decorated with swastikas, sun disks and four and six petal flowers. The origin of the vegetal motifs as well as the geometrical ones were profane representations though christianized later by the Visigoths and finally adopted by the Mozarabics. The inside is formed by a single rectangular and remarkably high nave with wooden frame.References:
The Basilica of Santa Maria in Trastevere is one of the oldest churches of Rome. The basic floor plan and wall structure of the church date back to the 340s, and much of the structure to 1140-43. The first sanctuary was built in 221 and 227 by Pope Callixtus I and later completed by Pope Julius I.
The inscription on the episcopal throne states that this is the first church in Rome dedicated to Mary, mother of Jesus, although some claim that privilege belongs to the Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore. A Christian house-church was founded here about 220 by Pope Saint Callixtus I (217-222) on the site of the Taberna meritoria, a refuge for retired soldiers. The area was made available for Christian use by Emperor Alexander Severus when he settled a dispute between the Christians and tavern-keepers.
The church underwent two restorations in the fifth and eighth centuries and in 1140-43 it was re-erected on its old foundations under Pope Innocent II.