Matejče Monastery

Kumanovo, North Macedonia

The Monastery of the Most Holy Mother of God, commonly known as Matejče, is a 14th-century Serbian Orthodox monastery located in the village of Matejče on the slopes of Skopska Crna Gora.

The monastery was built in the 14th century on the ruins of an older, Byzantine Greek church built in 1057–59, evident in preserved Greek inscriptions. It was mentioned for the first time in 1300 in a chrysobull of Serbian king Stefan Milutin (r. 1282–1321). In the mid-14th century, Serbian emperor Stefan Dušan (r. 1331–55) started reconstructing the monastery, finished by his son Stefan Uroš V in 1357 (becoming his endowment). Coins of Uros V has been found at the site. Isaiah the Serb and Vladislav Gramatik lived in the monastery. In the 18th century the roof was removed by the Ottomans and put on the Eski Mosque in Kumanovo, after which it deteriorated. In 1926–34 the monastery was renovated.

It is designed in the cross-in-square plan. The dome bears the same exonarthex technique as Hilandar. It was painted in 1356–57.

The monastery was occupied and desecrated by Albanian insurgents and used as a base and munition storage during the Insurgency in the Republic of Macedonia (2001). Serbian Patriarch Pavle issued a statement to the UN regarding the destruction of Serbian monasteries in Kosovo, and the threat of destruction of monasteries in Macedonia. The church exterior was not damaged, however, the interior and inventory were stolen or burnt.

References:

Comments

Your name



Details

Founded: 14th century
Category: Religious sites in North Macedonia

More Information

en.wikipedia.org

Rating

4.5/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Mike (4 years ago)
Serbian Orthodox Monastery built in 1357 ☦??
Jovica Madzevic (4 years ago)
One of the most beautiful monastery in Macedonia. It is pity that it was demolished by terrorists in 2001
Bozana Mirovic (4 years ago)
Novica Milanovic (8 years ago)
On 16 April 1346 Stefan Dušan was crowned Emperor at Skopje in an assembly attended by the elevated Serbian Patriarch, Bulgarian Patriarch and the Archbishop of Ohrid. [1] Its imperial title was recognized by Bulgaria and various other neighbors and trading partners but not by the Byzantine Empire. Mount Athos adressed him as Emperor, though rather as Emperor of Serbs than Emperor of Serbs and Greeks. [2] In Serbian charters, ethnic terms are used - "Emperor of the Serbs and Greeks" (Emperor of Serbia and Greece). [3] When Stefan Dušan died in 1355, his son Stefan Uros succeeded him. Uros V's uncle Simeon Uros in Thessaly claimed the title in rivalry, continued by his son John Uros. With the extinction of the main line of Nemanjic dynasty with the death of heirless Stefan Uros V in 1371, the imperial title became obsolete. The fall of the Serbian Empire saw state fragmentation into provinces ruled by magnates, holding various titles, except the imperial. In 1527, a renegade Hungarian-Serbian commander, Jovan Nenad, styled himself an Emperor. Styles [edit] On this day in 1355, the Serbian emperor Stefan Dusan, son of King Stefan Decanski, king of Serbia, died from 1331 to 1346, when he was crowned Emperor of Serbs and Greeks in Skopje. With King Milutin, the greatest ruler of the Nemanjić dynasty. With the victory over the Bulgarians at the battle of Velbuzd in 1330, he secured the supremacy of Serbia in Southeast Europe. A year later, with the help of his lord, he overthrew his father and crowned himself king. He aspired to create a state that would replace Byzantium. He conquered all of Macedonia (except Thessaloniki) present-day Albania, Thessaly, Epirus, and Akarnania. The untimely death prevented him from forming a more solid political whole. The first part of the Dusan Code was published in Skopje in 1349, amended in 1354 at the Parliament in Ser - an important legal document of medieval Serbia but also of medieval Europe. Stefan Uros IV Dusan Nemanjic, also known as Dusan Silni (ca. 1308 - December 20, 1355) was a Serbian medieval king (1331-1345) and the first Serbian emperor (1346-1355). He was the son of King Stefan Uros III Dečanski and the father of Emperor Stefan Uros V, popularly known as Nejakim, the last ruler of the Nemanjic dynasty. Dušan was the most powerful ruler of the 14th century and the most powerful Serbian emperor. Dusan overthrew his father, Stefan Decani, with the help of his own dissatisfied with Stefan Decani's policy towards Bulgaria and Byzantium, after the Battle of Velbuzd. Dusan significantly extended the borders of the Serbian state southward to the Gulf of Corinth, exploiting the internal unrest in Byzantium. After conquering large Byzantine territories, Stefan Dušan declared himself emperor of Serbs, Romei and Bulgarians in 1345, elevating the Serbian church from the rank of archbishopric to the rank of patriarchate, and crowning it the first Serbian patriarch of Joanikia in 1346. He is also known for passing Dusan's Code, the most significant Serbian medieval legal act. He completed the Decani Monastery, his father's endowment, and his most significant endowment was the Holy Archangels Monastery near Prizren, where his grave was located. Nonetheless, Stefan Dusan is the only ruler of the Nemanjic dynasty who was not proclaimed a saint after his death.
Powered by Google

Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

Historic Site of the week

Kastelholma Castle

First record of Kastelholma (or Kastelholm) castle is from the year 1388 in the contract of Queen Margaret I of Denmark, where a large portion of the inheritance of Bo Jonsson Grip was given to the queen. The heyday of the castle was in the 15th and 16th centuries when it was administrated by Danish and Swedish kings and stewards of the realms. Kastelhoma was expanded and enhanced several times.

In the end of 16th century castle was owned by the previous queen Catherine Jagellon (Stenbock), an enemy of the King of Sweden Eric XIV. King Eric conquered Kastelholma in 1599 and all defending officers were taken to Turku and executed. The castle was damaged under the siege and it took 30 years to renovate it.

In 1634 Åland was joined with the County of Åbo and Björneborg and Kastelholma lost its administrative status.