The church of Saint-Martin was first built between 1468 and 1472 on a site opposite the castle of Pau. In the 19th century, the church was too small for the population of Pau and was replaced in 1871 by a new church located a little further east. It was therefore decided to demolish the old church in 1885. The church tower was partially destroyed in 1794, then rebuilt in wood in 1805 before being completely rebuilt when the new Saint-Martin church was built. The new building is of neo-Gothic architecture with a Byzantine influence.References:
The Basilica of Santa Maria in Trastevere is one of the oldest churches of Rome. The basic floor plan and wall structure of the church date back to the 340s, and much of the structure to 1140-43. The first sanctuary was built in 221 and 227 by Pope Callixtus I and later completed by Pope Julius I.
The inscription on the episcopal throne states that this is the first church in Rome dedicated to Mary, mother of Jesus, although some claim that privilege belongs to the Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore. A Christian house-church was founded here about 220 by Pope Saint Callixtus I (217-222) on the site of the Taberna meritoria, a refuge for retired soldiers. The area was made available for Christian use by Emperor Alexander Severus when he settled a dispute between the Christians and tavern-keepers.
The church underwent two restorations in the fifth and eighth centuries and in 1140-43 it was re-erected on its old foundations under Pope Innocent II.