The crypt of Saint Girons is a jewel of French Romanesque art. The crypt is all that remains of the church of an old abbey that is now defunct.
The abbey was built in the 4th century , on the banks of the Louts, a tributary of the Adour , on the site of the martyrdom of Saint Girons, evangelizer of the Roman province of Novempopulania. Its creation would date back to the time of Charlemagne , but there is no indication of a religious community until the 12th century when it is recorded in the donations made to the Lescar chapter. The church, damaged during the Hundred Years War and during the wars of religion, was totally destroyed in 1904, saving only the crypt.
The restored vault is supported by columns surmounted by capitals carved with biblical, mythological or vegetal motifs and ornate cymbals . The four central columns are made of red and black marble, originating from an earlier Gallo-Roman building.References:
First record of Kastelholma (or Kastelholm) castle is from the year 1388 in the contract of Queen Margaret I of Denmark, where a large portion of the inheritance of Bo Jonsson Grip was given to the queen. The heyday of the castle was in the 15th and 16th centuries when it was administrated by Danish and Swedish kings and stewards of the realms. Kastelhoma was expanded and enhanced several times.
In the end of 16th century castle was owned by the previous queen Catherine Jagellon (Stenbock), an enemy of the King of Sweden Eric XIV. King Eric conquered Kastelholma in 1599 and all defending officers were taken to Turku and executed. The castle was damaged under the siege and it took 30 years to renovate it.
In 1634 Åland was joined with the County of Åbo and Björneborg and Kastelholma lost its administrative status.