Netzschkau Castle was built by Caspar von Metzsch. The nave with round and square towers was built around 1490 in a construction phase lasting around three years. However, the Metzsch family did not build for themselves; their main residence remained the neighboring castle Mylau.
The outside completely restored, rectangular long building with a round tower and a rectangular tower in front is located near the market opposite the church. The facade of the building is characterized by the color contrast of lime white and strong red. The late Gothic style staggered gables and the arched curtain windows are also striking .
Several ornate sandstone door frames in the interior date from the time the castle was built. Some of the reconstructions of the castle that have been preserved date from later periods. Most of the interiors are originally furnished, including a 4.10 m high tiled stove from 1627 and a rare coat of arms . The oldest forms of German stamp stucco ( friezes and ornaments ) can be found on the ceilings of some of the interior rooms . Historical treasures such as a gilded wooden coffered ceiling and various possessions of the last countess are also important.
The castle was acquired by Count Heinrich von Schönburg-Hinterglauchau in 1858. In the second half of the 19th century, he laid out a 4-hectare castle park in the English style. Heinrich lived with his wife Marie Clementine (1789–1863) at times in Netzschkau and enjoyed the rural seclusion here.
After the death of Heinrich's daughter-in-law, Countess Frida von Schönburg-Hinterglauchau (1864–1943), the city of Netzschkau acquired the castle and park in 1944. Netzschkau Castle was in a desolate state and was falling into disrepair. In 1947 the ceiling of the concert hall collapsed. Most of the valuable stucco work was affected.
In 1990 subsidies were approved that made extensive structural and external renovation possible from 1991 to 1995. As a result, excavations took place in 1999, the results of which can be seen in the castle's permanent exhibition. In the late 1990s, the renovation of the castle began.
The Förderverein Schloss Netzschkau eV, founded in 1998, takes care of the use of the castle in accordance with the preservation of historical monuments . The so-called castle café with its vault, the magnificent concert hall and the rustic fencing floor are used for events. The association organizes special exhibitions as well as concerts, slide lectures, readings and dance workshops. The castle and the permanent exhibition in the castle can be visited on weekends and public holidays from April to October.References:
The Château d'Olhain is probably the most famous castle of the Artois region. It is located in the middle of a lake which reflects its picturesque towers and curtain walls. It was also a major stronghold for the Artois in medieval times and testimony to the power of the Olhain family, first mentioned from the 12th century.
The existence of the castle was known early in the 13th century, but the present construction is largely the work of Jean de Nielles, who married Marie d’Olhain at the end of the 15th century.
The marriage of Alix Nielles to Jean de Berghes, Grand Veneur de France (master of hounds) to the King, meant the castle passed to this family, who kept it for more than 450 years. Once confiscated by Charles Quint, it suffered during the wars that ravaged the Artois. Besieged in 1641 by the French, it was partly demolished by the Spaniards in 1654, and finally blown-up and taken by the Dutch in 1710. Restored in 1830, it was abandoned after 1870, and sold by the last Prince of Berghes in 1900. There is also evidence that one of the castles occupants was related to Charles de Batz-Castelmore d'Artagnan, the person Alexandre Dumas based his Three Musketeers charictor d'Artagnan on.
During the World War I and World War II, the castle was requisitioned first by French troops, then Canadian and British soldiers. The current owner has restored the castle to its former glory.