Niels Bugge was one of the first known owners of the Nørre Vosborg manor in the 14th century. In 1532 a huge storm surge enveloped and demolished the buildings, which were not rebuilt on the same site. Knud Gyldenstjerne moved Nørre Vosborg inland to its present, safer position. The estate was subsequently owned by the Linde Leths (1707–1778) and the Tangs (1783-1946), the latter family hosting many prominent guests at their imposing manor. Among them, in the summer of 1859, was Hans Christian Andersen, who here found time to write poetry and tales, cut silhouettes, and generally amuse himself relating accounts of numerous resident ghosts.
The fascinating castle complex consists of buildings from four centuries, and represents five different architectural styles. Built in 1552, the Gyldenstjerne residence features characteristic Gothic garrets and has been remodelled several times. The Renaissance, half-timbered Ide Lange residence was built in 1642. With its supporting columns of joined wood, this is one of the earliest of its kind in this part of Denmark. The Baroque style, particularly evident in the prominent stairways, is represented by the De Linde residence, which was built in 1770 on the foundation of a former carriage house and barn. Under the house, there were once five or six cells to hold prisoners on their way to high court in the city of Viborg. The Tang residence was built in the New Classicist style in 1839, and connected to the Gyldenstjerne wing by a New Gothic bay room.
Following a fire, the south section of the barn complex was rebuilt in 1951. Having once provided shelter for cows, calves and pigs, it today houses a foyer and multi-purpose hall with seating for 300 persons, as well as a conference room and three hotel rooms. The north section was built in 1778. It played an important role in the bullock business in bygone days, and still retains its typical North Jutland characteristics with burned tiles, hipped thatched roofs and blue wooden doors. At one time a haymow, bullock barn and horse stalls, as well as the farm bailiff’s residence, the building now contains the hotel reception, gift shop, some hotel rooms, as well as exhibition and banquet venues.
The Gate Tower is synonymous with Nørre Vosborg, and one only needs to see it to understand why. Built in 1790 by Peder Tang when he owned the manor, it was inspired by Dutch architecture he had seen on a business trip abroad. Note that the face of the clock has only one hand.References:
Derbent is the southernmost city in Russia, occupying the narrow gateway between the Caspian Sea and the Caucasus Mountains connecting the Eurasian steppes to the north and the Iranian Plateau to the south. Derbent claims to be the oldest city in Russia with historical documentation dating to the 8th century BCE. Due to its strategic location, over the course of history, the city changed ownership many times, particularly among the Persian, Arab, Mongol, Timurid, Shirvan and Iranian kingdoms.
Derbent has archaeological structures over 5,000 years old. As a result of this geographic peculiarity, the city developed between two walls, stretching from the mountains to the sea. These fortifications were continuously employed for a millennium and a half, longer than any other extant fortress in the world.
A traditionally and historically Iranian city, the first intensive settlement in the Derbent area dates from the 8th century BC. The site was intermittently controlled by the Persian monarchs, starting from the 6th century BC. Until the 4th century AD, it was part of Caucasian Albania which was a satrap of the Achaemenid Persian Empire. In the 5th century Derbent functioned as a border fortress and the seat of Sassanid Persians. Because of its strategic position on the northern branch of the Silk Route, the fortress was contested by the Khazars in the course of the Khazar-Arab Wars. In 654, Derbent was captured by the Arabs.
The Sassanid fortress does not exist any more, as the famous Derbent fortress as it stands today was built from the 12th century onward. Derbent became a strong military outpost and harbour of the Sassanid empire. During the 5th and 6th centuries, Derbent also became an important center for spreading the Christian faith in the Caucasus.
The site continued to be of great strategic importance until the 19th century. Today the fortifications consist of two parallel defence walls and Naryn-Kala Citadel. The walls are 3.6km long, stretching from the sea up to the mountains. They were built from stone and had 73 defence towers. 9 out of the 14 original gates remain.
In Naryn-Kala Citadel most of the old buildings, including a palace and a church, are now in ruins. It also holds baths and one of the oldest mosques in the former USSR.
In 2003, UNESCO included the old part of Derbent with traditional buildings in the World Heritage List.