Château d'Ivry-la-Bataille

Ivry-la-Bataille, France

The original square form castle in Ivry-la-Bataille was built around 960 AD. It was 32x25m wide stone building with a small chapel. Today the first floor of this castle remains and it is the oldest medieval building in Normandy. The castle was enlarged during the next centuries. In the Hundred Years' War it was conquered by English (1418), but moved back to the hands of French (1424). After 1449 the castle was left to decay. The restoration began in 1968.

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Details

Founded: 960 AD
Category: Ruins in France
Historical period: Frankish kingdoms (France)

Rating

4.4/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Peter Pan (8 months ago)
Très beau site pour pique nique avec les enfants, une vue panoramique qui mérite une petite montée.
Émilie bryja (10 months ago)
Belle balade
jp amaral (12 months ago)
A faire. Quel travail fait
Marcel Legrand (15 months ago)
Ruines du château sur un promontoire calcaire qui permet de dominer ivry la bataille et la chaussée d'ivry ainsi que toutes la vallée. Superbe point de vue pour prendre des photos.
Fair Era (17 months ago)
Un château fort en ruine certes, mais de beaux vestiges assez conséquents sortis de l'oubli il y a quelques années (voire décennies) par des bénévoles passionnés qui ont dégagé la batisse des ronces et de la végétation qui l'ensevelissait depuis bien longtemps en redonnant ainsi la richesse et la fierté à cette petite ville très charmante qui vaut le détour grâce aux charmes de son décors naturel et de certains bâtiments très anciens. La visite est libre et gratuite, parfois guidée et commentée aux journées du patrimoine il me semble. Le site offre une vue imprenable sur la vallée alentour. Malheureusement ce lieu n'est pas suffisement respecté comme il le devrait entre détritus dont mégots, bouteilles... (il n'y a pas de poubellelà haut) et vandalisme (tag, noms gracés à certains endroits, pierres déplacées), le château se dégrade un peu plus à cause et malgré l'attention que lui porte les uns et les autres.
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Hochosterwitz Castle

Hochosterwitz Castle is considered to be one of Austria's most impressive medieval castles. The rock castle is one of the state's landmarks and a major tourist attraction.

The site was first mentioned in an 860 deed issued by King Louis the German of East Francia, donating several of his properties in the former Principality of Carantania to the Archdiocese of Salzburg. In the 11th century Archbishop Gebhard of Salzburg ceded the castle to the Dukes of Carinthia from the noble House of Sponheim in return for their support during the Investiture Controversy. The Sponheim dukes bestowed the fiefdom upon the family of Osterwitz, who held the hereditary office of the cup-bearer in 1209.

In the 15th century, the last Carinthian cup-bearer, Georg of Osterwitz was captured in a Turkish invasion and died in 1476 in prison without leaving descendants. So after four centuries, on 30 May 1478, the possession of the castle reverted to Emperor Frederick III of Habsburg.

Over the next 30 years, the castle was badly damaged by numerous Turkish campaigns. On 5 October 1509, Emperor Maximilian I handed the castle as a pledge to Matthäus Lang von Wellenburg, then Bishop of Gurk. Bishop Lang undertook a substantial renovation project for the damaged castle.

About 1541, German king Ferdinand I of Habsburg bestowed Hochosterwitz upon the Carinthian governor Christof Khevenhüller. In 1571, Baron George Khevenhüller acquired the citadel by purchase. He fortified to deal with the threat of Turkish invasions of the region, building an armory and 14 gates between 1570 and 1586. Such massive fortification is considered unique in citadel construction.

Since the 16th century, no major changes have been made to Hochosterwitz. It has also remained in the possession of the Khevenhüller family as requested by the original builder, George Khevenhüller. A marble plaque dating from 1576 in the castle yard documents this request.

A specific feature is the access way to the castle passing through a total of 14 gates, which are particularly prominent owing to the castle's situation in the landscape. Tourists are allowed to walk the 620-metre long pathway through the gates up to the castle; each gate has a diagram of the defense mechanism used to seal that particular gate. The castle rooms hold a collection of prehistoric artifacts, paintings, weapons, and armor, including one set of armor 2.4 metres tall, once worn by Burghauptmann Schenk.