Trinity Church (Trefoldighetskirken) is the third church in Arendal, and all had the same name. Plans to build the present church was adopted by the Arendal town council in 1883.
The first church was built in timber in direction east-west. The eastern section was divided into two wings, one was the altar and the king's chair, the other an organ. The pulpit was placed where the wings meet. The church was consecrated on 6 December 1670 and was named 'Holy Trinity'. The church became too small and was demolished in 1832 to make room for the new church.
The town's second church was built in the Empire style in 1836 in the same location as the first church. This church was designed by Christian H. Grosch, was octagonal, and had 555 seats. The foundation stone was laid down in 1833 by Crown Prince Oscar (later King of Sweden and Norway). The church had no altar, but a large gypsum replica of Bertel Thorvaldsen's famous Christ sculpture.
In 1880, when Arendal was at the height as a town based on shipping, it was decided to build a new church. It was then announced an architectural competition to design the church. The competition was won by the 27-year-old architect Christian Fürst who was a student of the German architect Johannes Otzen. The foundation stone was laid down on 7 August 1885, and was performed as a large ceremony. This Trinity Church is built of brick. The church has 1.200 seats and is the largest in Aust-Agder County.
The roof is covered with copper plates. The influence of Otzen is also seen in the use of materials, a brick stone type with smooth surface. The altarpiece scene is 'Jesus blesses the eleven apostles before his ascension'. The altarpiece is painted by August Eiebakke.The church has three church bells in addition to a carillon.
Trinity Church is located in a sloping terrain in Arendal, and to make the church worthy surroundings, it was just after the church was built built a church bazaar around the church into the street. Church Bazaar have round arches, and is the only church bazaar in Norway which are designed and built simultaneously with the church.References:
The Kalozha church of Saints Boris and Gleb is the oldest extant structure in Hrodna. It is the only surviving monument of ancient Black Ruthenian architecture, distinguished from other Orthodox churches by prolific use of polychrome faceted stones of blue, green or red tint which could be arranged to form crosses or other figures on the wall.
The church is a cross-domed building supported by six circular pillars. The outside is articulated with projecting pilasters, which have rounded corners, as does the building itself. The ante-nave contains the choir loft, accessed by a narrow gradatory in the western wall. Two other stairs were discovered in the walls of the side apses; their purpose is not clear. The floor is lined with ceramic tiles forming decorative patterns. The interior was lined with innumerable built-in pitchers, which usually serve in Eastern Orthodox churches as resonators but in this case were scored to produce decorative effects. For this reason, the central nave has never been painted.
The church was built before 1183 and survived intact, depicted in the 1840s by Michał Kulesza, until 1853, when the south wall collapsed, due to its perilous location on the high bank of the Neman. During restoration works, some fragments of 12th-century frescoes were discovered in the apses. Remains of four other churches in the same style, decorated with pitchers and coloured stones instead of frescoes, were discovered in Hrodna and Vaŭkavysk. They all date back to the turn of the 13th century, as do remains of the first stone palace in the Old Hrodna Castle.
In 2004, the church was included in the Tentative List of UNESCO"s World Heritage Sites.