Dekemastate country estate was built in the 14th century, at which time the house was a fortified dwelling. The first mention of the estate is from the year 1486. It was originally a rectangular stone house (called a stins in Frisian), and has been rebuilt since. Its owners include the Camstra family, the heiress of which married Hette van Dekema in the 16th century who gave the estate its current name. Other owners are Van Unia, Doys, Houth and Van Wageningen, the last of whom lived in the house until 1996. After that, the estate was taken over by the Dekema Foundation and went through extensive restoration. The inside of the house is filled with items from the past of its owners going back to the 16th century and features original furniture as well as a portrait collection. The house used to have two stories but was later redesigned and now possesses a spacious attic. The gardens around the manor feature canals, a moat surrounding the house, an herb garden and an orchard.References:
The Arch of Constantine is situated between the Colosseum and the Palatine Hill. It was erected by the Roman Senate to commemorate Constantine I's victory over Maxentius at the Battle of Milvian Bridge in 312. Dedicated in 315, it is the largest Roman triumphal arch. The arch spans the Via triumphalis, the way taken by the emperors when they entered the city in triumph.
Though dedicated to Constantine, much of the decorative material incorporated earlier work from the time of the emperors Trajan (98-117), Hadrian (117-138) and Marcus Aurelius (161-180), and is thus a collage. The last of the existing triumphal arches in Rome, it is also the only one to make extensive use of spolia, reusing several major reliefs from 2nd century imperial monuments, which give a striking and famous stylistic contrast to the sculpture newly created for the arch.
The arch is 21 m high, 25.9 m wide and 7.4 m deep. Above the archways is placed the attic, composed of brickwork reveted (faced) with marble. A staircase within the arch is entered from a door at some height from the ground, on the west side, facing the Palatine Hill. The general design with a main part structured by detached columns and an attic with the main inscription above is modelled after the example of the Arch of Septimius Severus on the Roman Forum.