Kremlin Presidium

Moscow, Russia

he Kremlin Presidium, also known as Building 14 was constructed in 1934. It formerly housed the Supreme Soviet, the highest legislative body of the Soviet Union. Currently, it houses various offices of the Russian presidential administration, the Kremlin Commandant’s office and offices of the FSO and is thus a highly secured and restricted area closed to the public. At present, only the southern corner façade, opposite the Tsar Bell can be viewed.

The four-story building has three wings opening towards the Senate, connected by a central building which faces the Taynitskaya Garden to the south. The southern facade has a row of Ionic order columns, with a gable roof in the center, reflecting the Neoclassical style of the adjacent Senate building. However, the wing halls are much simpler and less conspicuous. The building has three floors and is painted in the same yellow color as many other administrative buildings within the Moscow Kremlin.

The Presidium stands on the site of Chudov Monastery, founded in 1365 by the Metropolitan Alexius and the old Ascension Convent. These were among the historic buildings with the grounds of the Kremlin ordered to be destroyed by Joseph Stalin as part of the state atheism campaign, which resulted razing of religious structures from all over Russia. Work on a new administrative building for the Soviet government began almost immediately, and Ivan Rerberg, a prominent Moscow architect who had designed Kiyevsky Rail Terminal was assigned to the task.

The new building was completed in 1934, two years after Rerberg’s death. Initially, it had no name, and was used as the Red Commanders School, a military academy for Red Army leaders. The school was relocated in 1935, and from 1938, housed the offices of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet, whose head was the titular de jure head of state of the Soviet Union. From 1958-1961, part of the building was converted into the 1200 seat Kremlin Theatre.



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Founded: 1932-1934
Category: Palaces, manors and town halls in Russia

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User Reviews

ariya Radan (3 months ago)
Moscow Kremlin Square One of the most beautiful squares in the world Very majestic and glorious A combination of the past history of the Russian Empire and the new generation and the beautiful church that characterizes this magnificent Pegah In this place you can see Lenin's mummy, which is carefully cared for, and you can see one of the most luxurious passages in Europe. This place is one of the most special attractions of Russia
- Emmik20- (3 months ago)
This is a place whoever visit we never forget in life. The symbolic monument of Russia is must see for everyone who come to Russia. Here is the Kremlin, the saint Basilica and Gum mall and other historic Places. It is always a lively place where thousand of people both tourists and dwellers come to relax, walk, enjoy and take nice pictures.
epic man (5 months ago)
Wow! This place was so great! I love it so much! I'm not being held at gunpoint right now! Wow, I sure do love this!
RIDHVAN (5 months ago)
Really too good example of Russian architecture... It gives us a essence of how rich the Russian architecture is... Very fine carvings in the wall of the building... Many national events are held here periodically.... Vlamidir Putin also comes here often... Must be visited if one tours Moscow... It is greatest among the buildings of Eurasia and Europe...
Robert Evans (5 months ago)
This is a very important landmark and historical location used by the Russian government. My favourite period is the Soviet era which presented a country as a world superpower and was led for 29 years by Stalin, which was both praised and criticized. Gorbachev introduced relaxed rules and the country dissolved, however it remains a key place to see in Moscow and world landmark, as well as a building of beauty linked with Tsarism, Communism and Capitalism.
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Construction on the present building was begun in the 17th century by the architect Domenico Fontana. Intended to house the King Philip III of Spain on a visit never fulfilled to this part of his kingdom, instead it initially housed the Viceroy Fernando Ruiz de Castro, count of Lemos. By 1616, the facade had been completed, and by 1620, the interior was frescoed by Battistello Caracciolo, Giovanni Balducci, and Belisario Corenzio. The decoration of the Royal Chapel of Assumption was not completed until 1644 by Antonio Picchiatti.

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