The L'Huillier-Coburg Palace in Edelény is the seventh largest palace in Hungary. This prominent example of early-baroque architecture was built between 1716 and 1730 by Jean-Francois L'Huillier who originated from France, Alsace-Lorraine. In 1727 L'Huillier became full owner of the palace with the king's consent.
The construction of the palace needed a well-organized logistics as the woods were carried from more than 20 km. Stones were from the local quarry which were used to the walls and the foundation. There were also limestone and sand hereabout. Sometimes eighteen bricklayers worked with their servants at one time. Works which didn't need skills were done by day-laborers and serfs.
After L'Huillier died, his wife Marie-Madeleine de Saint-Croix had finished the construction by 1730. The researchers have not been able to ascertain yet who was the designer of this unique palace.
The most significant changes on the palace, which still exist, were made by the granddaughter of Jean-Francois L'Huillier, Ludmilla and her second husband István Eszterházy. The couple entrusted Ferenc Lieb with the painting of six rooms. The largest rococo frescos in Hungary were completed in 1770.
After Ludmilla's death the palace was inherited by his son Ferenc Dessewffy who didn't place any changes on the palace. As he had no heir, the palace became the property of the Royal Chamber in 1820.
The next owner of the palace was Prince Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, lieutenant-general in Austro-Hungarian armed forces, who bought the complex and made an entail from it. The Coburgs acquired the palace because of economic reasons which resulted in the recovery of the area. Before 1845 one of the first sugar factories was established in Edelény, and they also maintained high-level agricultural activities on their lands.
However, as the palace had not been used for baronial residency since 1820, the building started to decay. Renovation became necessary, which was performed by the plans of Rezső Vilmos Ray between 1910 and 1913. In the course of the recovery, several parts of the building were reconstructed, neo-baroque supplements were put onto the palace and a manzard roof was also built on the middle of the building.
In 1912 the Coburg family rented some parts of the building to the Bódvavalley Mining Company, then the palace was finally come to the possession of the state since the Ministry of Justice bought it in 1928.
After 1928 further reconstructions were accomplished. Downstairs prison was created and lodgings for the jailers. The district court also located in the palace as well as the gendarme barrack, the flat of the Member of Parliament in Edelény and other lodgings.
The World War II. brought a new situation again in the life of the palace as in 1945 the soviets moved into the building. Since that time the ruination of the palace started as the building was not used properly. For instance a room decorated with substantial frescos was used as a henhouse. By the middle of the 1980s the decline of the palace speeded up. The regular and serious flooding damaged or totally destroyed most of the frescos.
The maintenance of the palace was taken over by The National Trust of Monuments for Hungary in 2001 and this date means the beginning of the recovery of the palace. The development plans is being fulfilled in two phases. According to the plans the external appearance of the palace and most of its inner places have been renovated.References:
Hluboká Castle (Schloss Frauenberg) is considered one of the most beautiful castles in the Czech Republic. In the second half of the 13th century, a Gothic castle was built at the site. During its history, the castle was rebuilt several times. It was first expanded during the Renaissance period, then rebuilt into a Baroque castle at the order of Adam Franz von Schwarzenberg in the beginning of the 18th century. It reached its current appearance during the 19th century, when Johann Adolf II von Schwarzenberg ordered the reconstruction of the castle in the romantic style of England's Windsor Castle.
The Schwarzenbergs lived in Hluboká until the end of 1939, when the last owner (Adolph Schwarzenberg) emigrated overseas to escape from the Nazis. The Schwarzenbergs lost all of their Czech property through a special legislative Act, the Lex Schwarzenberg, in 1947.
The original royal castle of Přemysl Otakar II from the second half of the 13th century was rebuilt at the end of the 16th century by the Lords of Hradec. It received its present appearance under Count Jan Adam of Schwarzenberg. According to the English Windsor example, architects Franz Beer and F. Deworetzky built a Romantic Neo-Gothic chateau, surrounded by a 1.9 square kilometres English park here in the years 1841 to 1871. In 1940, the castle was seized from the last owner, Adolph Schwarzenberg by the Gestapo and confiscated by the government of Czechoslovakia after the end of World War II. The castle is open to public. There is a winter garden and riding-hall where the Southern Bohemian gallery exhibitions have been housed since 1956.