L'Huillier-Coburg Palace

Edelényi, Hungary

The L'Huillier-Coburg Palace in Edelény is the seventh largest palace in Hungary. This prominent example of early-baroque architecture was built between 1716 and 1730 by Jean-Francois L'Huillier who originated from France, Alsace-Lorraine. In 1727 L'Huillier became full owner of the palace with the king's consent.

The construction of the palace needed a well-organized logistics as the woods were carried from more than 20 km. Stones were from the local quarry which were used to the walls and the foundation. There were also limestone and sand hereabout. Sometimes eighteen bricklayers worked with their servants at one time. Works which didn't need skills were done by day-laborers and serfs.

After L'Huillier died, his wife Marie-Madeleine de Saint-Croix had finished the construction by 1730. The researchers have not been able to ascertain yet who was the designer of this unique palace.

The most significant changes on the palace, which still exist, were made by the granddaughter of Jean-Francois L'Huillier, Ludmilla and her second husband István Eszterházy. The couple entrusted Ferenc Lieb with the painting of six rooms. The largest rococo frescos in Hungary were completed in 1770.

After Ludmilla's death the palace was inherited by his son Ferenc Dessewffy who didn't place any changes on the palace. As he had no heir, the palace became the property of the Royal Chamber in 1820.

The next owner of the palace was Prince Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, lieutenant-general in Austro-Hungarian armed forces, who bought the complex and made an entail from it. The Coburgs acquired the palace because of economic reasons which resulted in the recovery of the area. Before 1845 one of the first sugar factories was established in Edelény, and they also maintained high-level agricultural activities on their lands.

However, as the palace had not been used for baronial residency since 1820, the building started to decay. Renovation became necessary, which was performed by the plans of Rezső Vilmos Ray between 1910 and 1913. In the course of the recovery, several parts of the building were reconstructed, neo-baroque supplements were put onto the palace and a manzard roof was also built on the middle of the building.

In 1912 the Coburg family rented some parts of the building to the Bódvavalley Mining Company, then the palace was finally come to the possession of the state since the Ministry of Justice bought it in 1928.

After 1928 further reconstructions were accomplished. Downstairs prison was created and lodgings for the jailers. The district court also located in the palace as well as the gendarme barrack, the flat of the Member of Parliament in Edelény and other lodgings.

The World War II. brought a new situation again in the life of the palace as in 1945 the soviets moved into the building. Since that time the ruination of the palace started as the building was not used properly. For instance a room decorated with substantial frescos was used as a henhouse. By the middle of the 1980s the decline of the palace speeded up. The regular and serious flooding damaged or totally destroyed most of the frescos.

The maintenance of the palace was taken over by The National Trust of Monuments for Hungary in 2001 and this date means the beginning of the recovery of the palace. The development plans is being fulfilled in two phases. According to the plans the external appearance of the palace and most of its inner places have been renovated.

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Details

Founded: 1716-1730
Category: Palaces, manors and town halls in Hungary

More Information

en.wikipedia.org

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User Reviews

Dorottya Soós (2 years ago)
Fantasztikusan jó élmény volt! Mindent megírtak már előttem, ami valóban felejthetetlen élményt okozott. Aki teheti, feltétlenül nézze meg!
Márta Bús (2 years ago)
Gyönyörűen felújított kastély, csodás kiállítások, modern tárlatvezetés. Kedves segítőkész személyzet. Kihagyhatatlan élmény.
Viktor Szabó (3 years ago)
Gyönyörűen felújított kastély, szemet gyönyörködtető festményekkel, melyek közül némelyik igazán különlegesnek mondható. A tárlatvezetés minden igényt kielégítő, hagynak időt körbetekinteni a teret. Rengeteg érdekességet megtudsz a kastélyról és régi tulajdonosairól. A szobàk kifestésének történetét egy kisfilm segítségével közelebb hozzák a látogatókhoz, emellett számos plusz információt is megtudsz magukról a festményekről azok megtekintésekor. A "kevés" látnivaló ellenére nem éreztem hogy hiányzott volna valami is egy ennél teljesebb élményhez. Remek munkát végeznek itt, csak ajánlani tudom!
Mary M (3 years ago)
Először 2008. augusztusban még felújítás előtt néztük meg a kastélyt, abban az állapotban is nagyon tetszett. 10 évvel később már a felújított kastélyban modern eszközökkel kiegészített élvezetes tárlat vezetésen vettünk részt. A tárlat vezetés első helyszíne egy moziterem volt, ahol 3D-s kisfilm vetítésével repültünk vissza az időbe. A termekben egymás után fedezhettük fel a filmben látott jeleneteket a falon megfestve. Az idegenvezető többször visszautalt a filmben látott, halott történetekre, így nagyon kerek volt a bemutató. A kastély belépővel ingyen látogatható az edelényi tájház, és 20% kedvezményt adnak az aggteleki cseppkőbarlang belépő árából, a jegyváltást követő év december 31-ig. A kastély megtekintése után a Templomkerti kisvendéglőben ebédeltünk, megnéztük a Tájházat, majd Rudabányára a tóhoz és a Rudepitechus tanösvényhez látogattunk. Egész napos program volt, az aggteleki barlang már nem fért a programba. Remek nap volt.
Emese Hajdu-Horváth (3 years ago)
Ez az ország egyik legnagyobb barokk kastélya. Annak idején II. Rákóczi Ferenc adta zálogba ezt a birtokot L'Huillier Ferencnek, aki aztán felépíttette ezt a kastélyt. Aztán évek múlva az akkor itt élő Eszterházy István gróf és felesége megbízták Lieb Ferenc vándorfestőt, hogy az edelényi kastély hat szobáját faliképekkel díszítse. El is készítette a festő a falakra a képeket, de aztán az évek során elhasználódott, megtöredezett, lepusztult. Volt itt óvoda, iskola, öregek otthona, iroda, és lakásokat is kialakítottak benne. A lakókat pedig nem nagyon érdekelte, hogy megőrizzék a freskókat. Meg szét is rabolták, kiköltözéskor mindent elvittek, ami mozdítható volt. Ezeket a nagyon érdekes dolgokat a tárlatvezetésen tudtuk meg. Sőt, egy 3D-s mozifilmen megtekinthettük a katély, és a falfestményeinek a történetét. Most helyreállított állapotban láthatjuk a kastélyt, de a kályhákon kívül bútorok nincsenek benne. Mégis nagyon szép élmény volt itt lennünk.
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