Englburg castle lies on a 581-m-high hill near Tittling. The current castle dates from 1396, after it was destroyed by the citizens of Passau and rebuilt. It was again badly damaged by Swedish troops in the Thirty Year's War in 1634. After the fire in 1874 the castle got its current appearance.
Various noble families have owned the Englburg; the last ones were the Lords of Taufkirchen. The landowner family Niedermeier began to renovate the castle in the second half of the 19th century and extend it into a popular destination for excursions. The remains from this time consist of the lookout tower.
Since 2011 carried out a thorough renovation of Englburg, it houses apartments, offices and commercial spaces. The castle is not open to visitors.
The Externsteine (Extern stones) is a distinctive sandstone rock formation located in the Teutoburg Forest, near the town of Horn-Bad Meinberg. The formation is a tor consisting of several tall, narrow columns of rock which rise abruptly from the surrounding wooded hills. Archaeological excavations have yielded some Upper Paleolithic stone tools dating to about 10,700 BC from 9,600 BC.
In a popular tradition going back to an idea proposed to Hermann Hamelmann in 1564, the Externsteine are identified as a sacred site of the pagan Saxons, and the location of the Irminsul (sacral pillar-like object in German paganism) idol reportedly destroyed by Charlemagne; there is however no archaeological evidence that would confirm the site's use during the relevant period.
The stones were used as the site of a hermitage in the Middle Ages, and by at least the high medieval period were the site of a Christian chapel. The Externsteine relief is a medieval depiction of the Descent from the Cross. It remains controversial whether the site was already used for Christian worship in the 8th to early 10th centuries.
The Externsteine gained prominence when Völkisch and nationalistic scholars took an interest in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. This interest peaked under the Nazi regime, when the Externsteine became a focus of nazi propaganda. Today, they remain a popular tourist destination and also continue to attract Neo-Pagans and Neo-Nazis.