Scrovegni Chapel

Padua, Italy

The Scrovegni Chapel contains a fresco cycle by Giotto, completed about 1305 and considered to be an important masterpiece of Italian and European art. The fresco cycle details the life of the Virgin Mary and has been acknowledged by many to be one of the most important fresco cycles in the world.

The church was dedicated to Santa Maria della Carità at the Feast of the Annunciation, 1303, and consecrated in 1305.

Decoration of the Scrovegni Chapel was commissioned at the beginning of the fourteenth century by a wealthy Italian banker called Enrico Scrovegni. It was a family chapel, built, some believe, a restitution for Scrovegni's involvement in less-than-reputable dealings. The chapel was originally connected with the Scrovegni palace, which was built on what remained of the foundations of the elliptical ancient Roman arena. The palace was demolished in 1827.

Frescoes 

Giotto frescoed the chapel's whole surface, including the walls and the ceiling. The fresco cycle is organised along four tiers, each of which contains episodes from the stories of the various protagonists of the Sacred History. Each tier is divided into frames, each forming a scene. The chapel is asymmetrical in shape, with six windows on the longer south wall, and this shape determined the layout of the decoration. The first step was choosing to place two frames between each double window set on the south wall; secondly, the width and height of the tiers was fixed in order to calculate the same space on the opposite north wall.

Cycles of scenes showing the Life of Christ and the Life of the Virgin were the grandest form of religious art in the period, and Giotto's cycle is unusually large and comprehensive, showing the ambition of the commission. Allowing for this, the selection and iconography of the scenes is broadly comparable to other contemporary cycles; Giotto's innovation lies in the monumentality of his forms and the clarity of his compositions.

The cycle recounts the story of salvation. It starts from high up on the lunette of the triumphal arch, with the uncommon scene of God the Father instructing the Archangel Gabriel to perform the Annunciation to Mary. The narrative continues with the stories of Joachim and Anne (first tier from the top, south wall) and the stories of Mary (first tier from the top, north wall). After a return to the triumphal arch, the scenes of the Annunciation and the Visitation follow. The stories of Christ were placed on the middle tier of the south and north walls. The scene of Judas receiving the money to betray Jesus is on the triumphal arch. The lower tier of the south and north walls shows the Passion and Resurrection; the last frame on the north wall shows the Pentecost. The fourth tier begins at ground level with the monochromes of the Vices (north wall) and the Virtues (south wall). The west wall (counter-façade) presents the Last Judgment.

References:

Comments

Your name

Website (optional)



Address

Piazza Eremitani 8, Padua, Italy
See all sites in Padua

Details

Founded: 1303-1305
Category: Religious sites in Italy

Rating

4.7/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Martina G (3 months ago)
Just..wow, wow, wow. More can't be said, I fear! A must visit. But see that you have a reservation, otherwise it will be quite though to get in.
Ferdinando M. Ametrano (4 months ago)
One of the most relevant masterpiece in the history of art. And the best introduction to the Salvation History I know.
Dasha P. (4 months ago)
It's very nice chapel. Not very easy to get there - you need to book your visit in advance, pay 13 euros (march 2019) and then to come an hour earlier to pic up your ticket at the civil museum, which is just near the chapel. The ticket also includes the civil museum itself, which has some nice pieces of art, together with museum of decorative art, which is also not far away, but quite boring. So, if u like visiting museums you will have some program in Padua. Don't be late for booked time - entrance is available group after group, visit duration is 30 min, while visit of the chapel lasts 20 minutes. 10 minutes in special room near the entrance to the chapel they show films about restoration process and about Giotto frescoes, while they make atmosphere between this room and the chapel itself humid/warmed enough to let the people and air enter the chapel and not damage the frescoes. So, very interesting. And frescoes are very vivid.
Terry Michel (4 months ago)
Amazing! 15 minutes is not enough time. But it is what you get. We walked in at 6 pm on a Monday. Possibly it was a holiday of which we were not aware because the hours posted showed Monday to be closed except for holidays. Like others, we bought our tickets from someone who was almost combative. Comparatively small if you are thinking an Italian cathedral. This is simply a chapel. Photos are allowed. I would expect that this is deservedly the number one thing to see or do in Padova.
Soufiane Khebbaz (4 months ago)
Compared to Saint Anthony basilica, the place is smaller and less varied - it's more about the frescoes and whoever is into them and allegories, will have some great time watching how the me of that time conceived life and the life after this world.They also show you a short movie on it before entering the chapel. Maybe the price is a bit steep, but that's all I can complain about!
Powered by Google

Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

Historic Site of the week

Church of the Savior on Blood

The Church of the Savior on Spilled Blood is one of the main sights of St. Petersburg. The church was built on the site where Tsar Alexander II was assassinated and was dedicated in his memory. Construction began in 1883 under Alexander III, as a memorial to his father, Alexander II. Work progressed slowly and was finally completed during the reign of Nicholas II in 1907. Funding was provided by the Imperial family with the support of many private donors.

Architecturally, the Cathedral differs from St. Petersburg's other structures. The city's architecture is predominantly Baroque and Neoclassical, but the Savior on Blood harks back to medieval Russian architecture in the spirit of romantic nationalism. It intentionally resembles the 17th-century Yaroslavl churches and the celebrated St. Basil's Cathedral in Moscow.

The Church contains over 7500 square metres of mosaics — according to its restorers, more than any other church in the world. The interior was designed by some of the most celebrated Russian artists of the day — including Viktor Vasnetsov, Mikhail Nesterov and Mikhail Vrubel — but the church's chief architect, Alfred Alexandrovich Parland, was relatively little-known (born in St. Petersburg in 1842 in a Baltic-German Lutheran family). Perhaps not surprisingly, the Church's construction ran well over budget, having been estimated at 3.6 million roubles but ending up costing over 4.6 million. The walls and ceilings inside the Church are completely covered in intricately detailed mosaics — the main pictures being biblical scenes or figures — but with very fine patterned borders setting off each picture.

In the aftermath of the Russian Revolution, the church was ransacked and looted, badly damaging its interior. The Soviet government closed the church in the early 1930s. During the Second World War when many people were starving due to the Siege of Leningrad by Nazi German military forces, the church was used as a temporary morgue for those who died in combat and from starvation and illness. The church suffered significant damage. After the war, it was used as a warehouse for vegetables, leading to the sardonic name of Saviour on Potatoes.

In July 1970, management of the Church passed to Saint Isaac's Cathedral (then used as a highly profitable museum) and proceeds from the Cathedral were funneled back into restoring the Church. It was reopened in August 1997, after 27 years of restoration, but has not been reconsecrated and does not function as a full-time place of worship; it is a Museum of Mosaics. Even before the Revolution it never functioned as a public place of worship; having been dedicated exclusively to the memory of the assassinated tsar, the only services were panikhidas (memorial services). The Church is now one of the main tourist attractions in St. Petersburg.