Kazarma Fortress

Sitia, Greece

The Kazarma Fortress in Sitia stands high above the town and is visible from the beach. It was built by the Venetians in the 13th century as the guard barracks, the Casa di Arma, a name corrupted to Kazarma. 

The Kazarma Fortress was the main defensive fortification of Sitia, but it was badly damaged by frequent pirate raids and invading forces. In 1303 it was partly destroyed by an earthquake which struck the area, and was rebuilt without regaining its former power.

In 1508 it was badly damaged by another major earthquake, while in 1538 Barbarossa invaded Sitia and destroyed most of the fortress. In the 16th century, the Venetians embarked on a programme of major fortification works across Crete.

When the Turks invaded Crete in 1645, the Venetian General Mocenigo decided that the fortress could not protect the city and withstand a siege, so he moved his men and equipment to Chandax (Heraklion) in 1651.

The Turkish army took the Kazarma Fortress and turned it into a fort, making major changes to the interior of the structure. The new fort was built at the base of the Venetian castle.

The Kazarma Fortress is open daily except Mondays, offering a stunning panoramic view of the town of Sitia.

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Address

Neas Ionias, Sitia, Greece
See all sites in Sitia

Details

Founded: 13th century
Category: Castles and fortifications in Greece

More Information

www.explorecrete.com

Rating

4.3/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Akis Edisson (3 years ago)
wonderful
Manos Fls (3 years ago)
The way they preserved the Tower of Kazarma - although it was destroyed twice in its lifetime is really remarkable. Get up there if you are into the middle ages and their architecture. Also if you are into high peeks that you can enjoy the city view from above. I'm sure you will love it in both cases! Enjoy! The lady at the ticket desk is very nice and welcoming. I almost felt like home! 2 euro entrance fee and open until 15:00 hours!
Miloš Perkner (3 years ago)
Entrance 2€ ,OK
Stig Ulrichsen (4 years ago)
Beautiful place!
George Georgant (4 years ago)
Great place to visit!
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