Toplou Monastery

Sitia, Greece

Toplou monastery is one of the most significant monasteries in Crete, dedicated to Virgin Mary and St. John the Theologian. It was founded around the mid-15th century, probably on the ruins of an earlier convent. The monastery was plundered by the knights of Malta in 1530 and shattered in 1612 by a strong earthquake. Due to its strategic position, the senate of the Republic of Venice, then ruler of Crete, decided to financially aid in rebuilding it. The monastery flourished until the surrender of eastern Crete to the Turks in 1646, after which it was abandoned for a long time. In 1704, it acquired special protection privileges from the Patriarch and was re-inhabited.

After its monks were slaughtered by Turks in 1821 during the Greek Revolution of Independence, Toplou was again deserted until 1828. In 1866, during the massive Cretan revolt against the Turks, it was once again devastated. During the German occupation of 1941-44, Toplou was providing shelter to resistance fighters and housed their wireless radio. When this was discovered by the Germans, the abbot and two monks were tortured and executed.

Having to defend itself from pirates and invaders, Toplou monastery is heavily fortified, being laid out around a courtyard paved with sea pebbles and surrounded by strong, 10 m high square walls. In its present form it extends to about 800 square meters in three floors, divided into cells, guest houses, kitchens and warehouses. The main church (katholikon) is built as a two-nave basilica and the belltower dates back to 1558.

Despite its turbulent history, Toplou has many works of art to its possession. Today, it hosts an interesting exhibition of Byzantine icons, books and documents, a display of ancient engravings and a collection of artefacts which reflect its role in the historical events that influenced Crete during the last centuries. The monastery possesses a series of about 20 portraits of monks, despotes and igoumens painted by the famous portraitist Thomas Papadoperakis. Many of them have written the recent tragical history of the place. The walls of the monks' dining hall, the 'trapezaria', are also adorned with remarkable fresco paintings by the icon painter Manolis Betinakis.

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Details

Founded: c. 1450
Category: Religious sites in Greece

Rating

4.3/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

left dock (3 months ago)
Though small in size has a long history and reputable production of win and oil! The little chapel gives a holy inspiration, and the main painting is worth a study. A small restaurant for a break, museum and gifts shop.
Elie Saliba (8 months ago)
The history behind the monastery is amazing and is well preserved. There is a windmill outside also preserved but it was close when i visited. There is a cafe and snacks you can eat and rest in a peqcefull calm environment
Ivan Antunovic (8 months ago)
You need to pay the ticket to enter inside of the monastey, which I did not do. There is a small restaurant outside id the monastry.
Bart Van den Bosch (9 months ago)
Really just a museum of old religious books. You hardly get too see the monastery. In the museum everything is nicely labelled but it's all a heap of unstructured items. There is no general overview of explanation, not even on the history of the monastery (apart from one plaque at the entrance). Much nicer monasteries to see elsewhere on the island.
Kamui Shiro (16 months ago)
Very nice and unique monastery. Extremely quiet and clean. Didn't have the chance to see the museum inside the monastery which is closed during Sundays.
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