Magalia Castle-palace is highlighted by its fortifications, crowned by two large defence towers, while inside is like a refined renaissance residential Palace for accommodation and leisure.
Located in a privileged and natural geographic enclave, its installations are adapted to today’s needs to make it the ideal place to combine work and relaxation, with all the comforts of a modern hotel and the charm of a mansion. Built in the 16th century, with the outside appearance of a castle and the refined interior of a renaissance palace, the building was declared a Historic-Artistic Monument in 1931.
The main facade is a preview to the peace that radiates inside, with its four main balconies, its renaissance windows and the arched front door, which leads onto a spacious hallway with majestic stone steps.
Built in 1533 by the first Marquises of Las Navas, the history of the Magalia Castle Palace is closely linked to this marquisate. Sixteen marquises made pacts and alliances with other nobles throughout history, to transform and enhance the Castle Palace, which at the beginning of the 18th century united the family through marriage with the Duchy of Medinaceli. In 1906, it was sold to the company Unión Resinera Española, and in 1946 it was donated to the Female Section, who converted it into a teacher training college. Finally, in 1976, after the disappearance of the Secretariat General of the Movement, it was transferred to the Ministry of Culture.
Hochosterwitz Castle is considered to be one of Austria's most impressive medieval castles. The rock castle is one of the state's landmarks and a major tourist attraction.
The site was first mentioned in an 860 deed issued by King Louis the German of East Francia, donating several of his properties in the former Principality of Carantania to the Archdiocese of Salzburg. In the 11th century Archbishop Gebhard of Salzburg ceded the castle to the Dukes of Carinthia from the noble House of Sponheim in return for their support during the Investiture Controversy. The Sponheim dukes bestowed the fiefdom upon the family of Osterwitz, who held the hereditary office of the cup-bearer in 1209.
In the 15th century, the last Carinthian cup-bearer, Georg of Osterwitz was captured in a Turkish invasion and died in 1476 in prison without leaving descendants. So after four centuries, on 30 May 1478, the possession of the castle reverted to Emperor Frederick III of Habsburg.
Over the next 30 years, the castle was badly damaged by numerous Turkish campaigns. On 5 October 1509, Emperor Maximilian I handed the castle as a pledge to Matthäus Lang von Wellenburg, then Bishop of Gurk. Bishop Lang undertook a substantial renovation project for the damaged castle.
About 1541, German king Ferdinand I of Habsburg bestowed Hochosterwitz upon the Carinthian governor Christof Khevenhüller. In 1571, Baron George Khevenhüller acquired the citadel by purchase. He fortified to deal with the threat of Turkish invasions of the region, building an armory and 14 gates between 1570 and 1586. Such massive fortification is considered unique in citadel construction.
Since the 16th century, no major changes have been made to Hochosterwitz. It has also remained in the possession of the Khevenhüller family as requested by the original builder, George Khevenhüller. A marble plaque dating from 1576 in the castle yard documents this request.
A specific feature is the access way to the castle passing through a total of 14 gates, which are particularly prominent owing to the castle's situation in the landscape. Tourists are allowed to walk the 620-metre long pathway through the gates up to the castle; each gate has a diagram of the defense mechanism used to seal that particular gate. The castle rooms hold a collection of prehistoric artifacts, paintings, weapons, and armor, including one set of armor 2.4 metres tall, once worn by Burghauptmann Schenk.