Skull Chapel of Czermna

Kudowa-Zdrój, Poland

The Skull Chapel (Kaplica Czaszek) or St. Bartholomew's Church, is an ossuary chapel. Built in last quarter of the 18th century on the border of the then Prussian County of Glatz, the temple serves as a mass grave with thousands of skulls and skeletal remains 'adorning' its interior walls as well as floor, ceiling and foundations. The Skull Chapel is the only such monument in Poland, and one of six in Europe.

The chapel was built in 1776 by Czech local parish priest Václav Tomášek. It is the mass grave of people who died during the Thirty Years’ War (1618-1648), three Silesian Wars (1740–1763), as well as of people who died because of cholera epidemics, plague, syphilis and hunger.

Together with sacristan J. Schmidt and grave digger J. Langer, father Tomášek who was inspired by the Capuchin cemetery while on a pilgrimage to Rome, collected the casualties’ bones, cleaned and put them in the chapel within 18 years (from 1776 to 1794). Walls of this small, baroque church are filled with three thousand skulls, and there are also bones of another 21 thousand people interred in the basement. The skulls of people who built the chapel, including father Tomaszek, were placed in the center of the building and on the altar in 1804. Inside are a crucifix and two carvings of angels, one with a Latin inscription that reads 'Arise from the Dead' are among the bones.

References:

Comments

Your name



Details

Founded: 1776
Category: Religious sites in Poland

Rating

4.2/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Konstanty Keda (9 months ago)
It is quite cool to enter and see a lot of bones. But there is some negative things - you need to pay for parking/entering and toilet (if you need that) and price is quite steep for Poland. Also you will need to wait in a line to enter, as entering is only once per 15 min with a guide, who speaks only polish.
Mandy T (10 months ago)
1 star is too much.... waste of time. The room of bones is very small, you are not allowed to take pics (accept for the outside) and no english guide. If you don't have zloty with you, they will overcharge you for the parking. Better go to kutna hora, that place is amazing!
dev eloper (10 months ago)
as a non polish speaker just making a stop in this area was a horrible experience. i lost in transit 2h due to mountain roads, spent a few euro for an overpriced parking lot and then paid for the ticket and additionally for the toilet so that i get inside the room no bigger than a living room with walls covered in bones. true that but there was no non-polish support. the handed paper with an English translation was like 1/5 out of all the content the guide described and the entire place is less religious but run more like a cash maker. the skulls were dirty and dusty, below in the basement there was a Snickers wrapper, more dirt and thrown used entry tickets. my lady is a complete fan of these religious skulls stories but she was mind blown disappointed that it was so far, so expensive for the dirt, dust and sad presentation we were exposed to. 1 star is already a star to much
Aga C (12 months ago)
The visit takes about 15 minutes and it's possible to enter only with a guide (the group was about 10 people and not too many more people would enter it at the same time, as the chapel is rather small). It is open from 10 till 16, and the tours takes place every half and hour (?) so ensure to ask by the entrance when is the next tour. There are a few thousands of very well kept bones and skulls in the chapel, and there are some more underneath it. Some children got scared and some tourists made some weird comments about the place. I admire the guide's patience. Bear in mind that no photography or filming is allowed inside.
Amarok Sh (14 months ago)
It is an interesting place with thousands of sculls and bones, it seems only one scull has lower jaw. The entrance is 8zl, the guide will walk you in, tell the story and let you out, it does not take longer than 10min. No photos is allowed. The parking is paid - 7zl but there is a free one at the cemetery entrance.
Powered by Google

Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

Historic Site of the week

Redipuglia World War I Memorial

Redipuglia is the largest Italian Military Sacrarium. It rises up on the western front of the Monte Sei Busi, which, in the First World War was bitterly fought after because, although it was not very high, from its summit it allowed an ample range of access from the West to the first steps of the Karstic table area.

The monumental staircase on which the remains of one hundred thousand fallen soldiers are lined up and which has at its base the monolith of the Duke of Aosta, who was the commanding officer of the third Brigade, and gives an image of a military grouping in the field of a Great Unity with its Commanding Officer at the front. The mortal remains of 100,187 fallen soldiers lie here, 39,857 of them identified and 60,330 unknown.