Niesytno Castle

Bolków, Poland

The first mentioning of Niesytno Castle dates back to the 13th century, but it is not known by whom it was built. Legends tell of occupation by Hussite and mercenaries, and therefore it was also named Zakątek Strachu or Angstwinkel (Polish and German for 'corner of fear'). From the second part of the 15th century until the 17th century, the castle was inhabited by the 'von Zedlitz' lineage. It has been a military defense structure for several times. Later, the castle became a renaissance palace.

During the Second World War, German airmen (the luftwaffe) resided in the palace, preparing themselves for battle at the eastern front. The resistance used the palace as home during summer season. At that time it gradually turned into ruins. Thereafter, it was owned by the automobile manufacturer 'Fabryka Samochodów Ciężarowych' from Lublin. Some repairs were carried out at that time, though neighboring population stole the building materials little by little. The palace weathered until 1990.

On 2 July 1990, while belonging to Elizabeth Zawadzkie-Malickiej from 1984, it burned down due to arson, which ruined the palace. The current state of the buildings yield even more damage. Parts of the brick walls remained after the fire.

The buildings are not open for public, but it is possible to walk around the premises and get a glimpse of what is left of the buildings. The castle is located on a hill surrounded by forest, and the remainders of the tower of the castle are visible from some distance. Most of the other parts of the ruins are hidden behind trees. Some caves can be found around the ruins, which once probably were basement and other rooms.

References:

Comments

Your name



Address

Bolków, Poland
See all sites in Bolków

Details

Founded: 13th century
Category: Castles and fortifications in Poland

More Information

en.wikipedia.org

Rating

4/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Darek Z (2 years ago)
Prace trwają, po odbudowie będzie to ciekawy obiekt. Nawet teraz warto go obejrzeć z zewnątrz.
Maciej Witkowski (2 years ago)
Po odbudowie będzie super
Grazyna Mordak (2 years ago)
Ciekawy duży obiekt obecnie w remoncie
Rajmund Sułkowski (2 years ago)
Może za 10 lat coś się zmieni z tym zameczkiem. Faktycznie, okolica jest piękna i warto zjechać z głównej trasy.
Marek Janczak (3 years ago)
Working progress
Powered by Google

Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

Historic Site of the week

Mosque–Cathedral of Córdoba

The Mosque–Cathedral of Córdoba, also known as the Great Mosque of Córdoba and the Mezquita is regarded as one of the most accomplished monuments of Moorish architecture.

According to a traditional account, a small Visigoth church, the Catholic Basilica of Saint Vincent of Lérins, originally stood on the site. In 784 Abd al-Rahman I ordered construction of the Great Mosque, which was considerably expanded by later Muslim rulers. The mosque underwent numerous subsequent changes: Abd al-Rahman II ordered a new minaret, while in 961 Al-Hakam II enlarged the building and enriched the Mihrab. The last of such reforms was carried out by Almanzor in 987. It was connected to the Caliph"s palace by a raised walkway, mosques within the palaces being the tradition for previous Islamic rulers – as well as Christian Kings who built their palaces adjacent to churches. The Mezquita reached its current dimensions in 987 with the completion of the outer naves and courtyard.

In 1236, Córdoba was conquered by King Ferdinand III of Castile, and the centre of the mosque was converted into a Catholic cathedral. Alfonso X oversaw the construction of the Villaviciosa Chapel and the Royal Chapel within the mosque. The kings who followed added further Christian features, such as King Henry II rebuilding the chapel in the 14th century. The minaret of the mosque was also converted to the bell tower of the cathedral. It was adorned with Santiago de Compostela"s captured cathedral bells. Following a windstorm in 1589, the former minaret was further reinforced by encasing it within a new structure.

The most significant alteration was the building of a Renaissance cathedral nave in the middle of the expansive structure. The insertion was constructed by permission of Charles V, king of Castile and Aragon. Artisans and architects continued to add to the existing structure until the late 18th century.

Architecture

The building"s floor plan is seen to be parallel to some of the earliest mosques built from the very beginning of Islam. It had a rectangular prayer hall with aisles arranged perpendicular to the qibla, the direction towards which Muslims pray. The prayer hall was large and flat, with timber ceilings held up by arches of horseshoe-like appearance.

In planning the mosque, the architects incorporated a number of Roman columns with choice capitals. Some of the columns were already in the Gothic structure; others were sent from various regions of Iberia as presents from the governors of provinces. Ivory, jasper, porphyry, gold, silver, copper, and brass were used in the decorations. Marvellous mosaics and azulejos were designed. Later, the immense temple embodied all the styles of Morisco architecture into one composition.

The building is most notable for its arcaded hypostyle hall, with 856 columns of jasper, onyx, marble, granite and porphyry. These were made from pieces of the Roman temple that had occupied the site previously, as well as other Roman buildings, such as the Mérida amphitheatre. The double arches were an innovation, permitting higher ceilings than would otherwise be possible with relatively low columns. The double arches consist of a lower horseshoe arch and an upper semi-circular arch.