San Felices de los Gallegos Castle

San Felices de los Gallegos, Spain

San Felices de los Gallegos Castle has an historical purpose as the frontier stronghold between Portugal and Castile. The enclosure with medieval origins is protected by the castle and the walls which were built in successive periods. The wall, built of stone blocks with adjoining square towers, dates from the 13th century and encircles a spacious bailey. The keep dates from the 15th century, and a third fortified enclosure with bastioned walls dates from the 17th century.

Inside the walls, it is worth noting the parish church (12th-13th centuries) in the transitional Romanesque style (façade and belltower) modified in the Gothic-Renaissance period (16th century), with three naves and a main chapel.Highlights of its civil architecture are buildings such as the Town Hall (16th century) and the Alhóndiga, the former hospitals of Rocamador and La Misericordia, and various noble mansions with their carved coats of arms (16th to 18th centuries), such as the houses known as Los Mayorazgos, El Corregidor and Los señores de Ron.

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Details

Founded: 13th century
Category: Castles and fortifications in Spain

More Information

www.spain.info

Rating

4.7/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Tania Bernal Pascual (3 years ago)
Museo pequeñito. Pero merece la pena visitarlo puesto que conserva muy bien los detalles. Precio de entrada: 2,25€. Personal muy amable. A mayores, si el museo no estuviese abierto, encontrareis un número de contacto en la puerta que sin ningún problema os lo abrirá enseguida para poder visitarlo.
Ana Calvo (3 years ago)
Un museo muy bien restaurado, una auténtica joya,todo un descubrimiento
Concha Redondo (3 years ago)
Un museo excelente, con un molino romano más antiguo de España. Premio europeo a su restauracion.
Joaquim Teodósio (3 years ago)
Pequeno mas com muita informação sobre a história do azeite na localidade. Vale a pena a visita.
Gabriel Alvarez (4 years ago)
Excelente museo. Excelente atención y una gran amabilidad impresionante. Gracias por todo.
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Lorca Castle

Castle of Lorca (Castillo de Lorca) is a fortress of medieval origin constructed between the 9th and 15th centuries. It consists of a series of defensive structures that, during the Middle Ages, made the town and the fortress an impregnable point in the southeast part of the Iberian Peninsula. Lorca Castle was a key strategic point of contention between Christians and Muslims during the Reconquista.

Archaeological excavations have revealed that the site of the castle has been inhabited since Neolithic times.

Muslim Era

It has not been determined exactly when a castle or fortress was first built on the hill. The first written documentation referring to a castle at Lorca is of Muslim origin, which in the 9th century, indicates that the city of Lurqa was an important town in the area ruled by Theudimer (Tudmir). During Muslim rule, Lorca Castle was an impregnable fortress and its interior was divided into two sections by the Espaldón Wall. In the western part, there was an area used to protect livestock and grain in times of danger. The eastern part had a neighbourhood called the barrio de Alcalá.

After Reconquista

Lorca was conquered by the Castilian Infante Don Alfonso, the future Alfonso X, in 1244, and the fortress became a key defensive point against the Kingdom of Granada. For 250 years, Lorca Castle was a watchpoint on the border between the Christian kingdom of Murcia and the Muslim state of Granada.

Alfonso X ordered the construction of the towers known as the Alfonsina and Espolón Towers, and strengthened and fixed the walls. Hardly a trace of the Muslim fortress remained due to this reconstruction. Muslim traces remain in the foundation stones and the wall known as the muro del Espaldón.

The Jewish Quarter was found within the alcazaba, the Moorish fortification, separated from the rest of the city by its walls. The physical separation had the purpose of protecting the Jewish people in the town from harm, but also had the result of keeping Christians and Jews separate, with the Christians inhabiting the lower part of town.

The remains of the Jewish Quarter extended over an area of 5,700 square m, and 12 homes and a synagogue have been found; the synagogue dates from the 14th century and is the only one found in the Murcia. The streets of the town had an irregular layout, adapted to the landscape, and is divided into four terraces. The synagogue was in the central location, and around it were the homes. The homes were of rectangular shape, with various compartmentalized rooms. The living quarters were elevated and a common feature was benches attached to the walls, kitchens, stand for earthenware jars, or cupboards.

Modern history

With the disappearance of the frontier after the conquest of Granada in 1492, Lorca Castle no longer became as important as before. With the expulsion of the Jews by order of Ferdinand and Isabella, Lorca Castle was also depopulated as a result. The castle was abandoned completely, and was almost a complete ruin by the 18th century. In the 19th century, the castle was refurbished due to the War of Spanish Independence. The walls and structures were repaired or modified and its medieval look changed. A battery of cannons was installed, for example, during this time. In 1931 Lorca Castle was declared a National Historic Monument.

Currently, a parador (luxury hotel) has been built within the castle. As a result, archaeological discoveries have been found, including the Jewish Quarter.