Top Historic Sights in Düsseldorf, Germany

Explore the historic highlights of Düsseldorf

Schloss Benrath

Schloss Benrath is a Baroque-style maison de plaisance (pleasure palace) in Benrath, which is now a borough of Düsseldorf. It was erected for the Elector Palatine Charles Theodor and his wife, Countess Palatine Elisabeth Auguste of Sulzbach, by his garden and building director Nicolas de Pigage. Construction began in 1755 and was completed in 1770. The ensemble at Benrath has been proposed for designation as a ...
Founded: 1755-1770 | Location: Düsseldorf, Germany

St. Andreas Church

The Church of St. Andreas was constructed between 1622 and 1629 in the South German baroque style. It was originally a Jesuit church and also served as the court church for the Counts palatine of Neuburg. After the dissolution of the Jesuit order in August 1773 it served as a parish church until 2005 when it became the monastery church of the Dominican Order. The building itself is now owned by the city of Düss ...
Founded: 1622-1629 | Location: Düsseldorf, Germany

St. Lambertus Church

St. Lambertus Church was built in 1206 and enlarged 1288–1394. The church"s spire owes its twisted shape to the use of unseasoned timber when it was rebuilt after a lighting strike in 1815. Inside the church the 15th-century tabernacle and splendid Renaissance memorial of Duke Wilhelm V are worth of seeing.
Founded: 1206 | Location: Düsseldorf, Germany

Schlossturm

Schlossturm tower on the riverside is all that remains of the castle of Counts of Berg. The first three storeys date back to the 13th century. In 1552, Alessandro Pasqualini added a fourth, polygonal storey, adorned with Tuscan columns. Today it houses a museum of Rhine shipping and is topped by a face.
Founded: 13th century | Location: Düsseldorf, Germany

Schloss Jägerhof

Schloss Jägerhof was built between 1748-1772 by the Elector Carl Theodor. He had commissioned architect Johann Joseph Couven from Aachen. In 1796, Jägerhof was sacked by the revolutionary forces and had finally become completely uninhabitable. The building was restored in 1811 on the occasion of Napoleon’s visit to Düsseldorf, according to Adolf von Vagedes’ plans. Today Jägerhof is a cultural-historical museum ...
Founded: 1748-1772 | Location: Düsseldorf, Germany

Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

Historic Site of the week

Beersel Castle

The moated castle at Beersel is one of the few exceptionally well-preserved examples of medieval fortifications in Belgium. It remains pretty much as it must have appeared in the 15th century. Remarkably, it was never converted into a fortified mansion. A visitor is able to experience at first-hand how it must have felt to live in a heavily fortified castle in the Middle Ages.

The castle was built in around 1420 as a means of defence on the outer reaches of Brussels. The tall, dense walls and towers were intended to hold any besiegers at bay. The moat and the marshy ground along its eastern, southern and western edges made any attack a formidable proposition. For that reason, any attackers would have chosen its weaker northern defences where the castle adjoins higher lying ground. But the castle was only taken and destroyed on one occasion in 1489, by the inhabitants of Brussels who were in rebellion against Maximilian of Austria.

After being stormed and plundered by the rebels it was partially rebuilt. The pointed roofs and stepped gables are features which have survived this period. The reconstruction explains why two periods can be identified in the fabric of the edifice, particularly on the outside.

The red Brabant sandstone surrounds of the embrasures, now more or less all bricked up, are characteristic of the 15th century. The other embrasures, edged with white sandstone, date from the end of the 15th century. They were intended for setting up the artillery fire. The merlons too are in white sandstone. The year 1617 can be clearly seen in the foundation support on the first tower. This refers to restorations carried out at the time by the Arenberg family.

Nowadays, the castle is dominated by three massive towers. The means of defence follow the classic pattern: a wide, deep moat surrounding the castle, a drawbridge, merlons on the towers, embrasures in the walls and in the towers, at more or less regular intervals, and machiolations. Circular, projecting towers ensured that attacks from the side could be thwarted. If the enemy were to penetrate the outer wall, each tower could be defended from embrasures facing onto the inner courtyard.

The second and third towers are flanked by watchtowers from which shots could be fired directly below. Between the second and third tower are two openings in the walkway on the wall. It is not clear what these were used for. Were these holes used for the disposing of rubbish, or escape routes. The windows on the exterior are narrow and low. All light entering comes from the interior. The few larger windows on the exterior date from a later period. It is most probable that the third tower - the highest - was used as a watchtower.