Medieval castles in Czech Republic

Grabstejn Castle

The original Gothic castle of Grabštejn (or Grafenstein) was founded in the 13th century. In 1562, it was bought by Crown Chancellor Georg Mehl von Strelitz. Between 1566 and 1586, he had rebuilt the castle in Renaissance style and thus turned it into a representative chateau. Georg Mehl also had a steward"s house built below the castle, which was around the year 1830 rebuilt in Classicist style. Shortly befo ...
Founded: 13th century/1566 | Location: Hradek nad Nisou, Czech Republic

Kynzvart Castle Ruins

Kynžvart was once significant castle, located at one of the highest elevations on the territory of the Czech Republic (827 m), used to stand near the famous Kynžvart Chateau of Austrian Chancellor Metternich. Its original name was Königswart (Royal Guard) as it was built as a border stronghold of the kingdom in the 13th century. The castle frequently changed its owners and it even served as a hideaway for thieves i ...
Founded: 13th century | Location: Lázně Kynžvart , Czech Republic

Blansko Castle

Blansko castle, likely built in 1431 but first mentioned in a reliable source in 1532. Currently the site of the Blansko Museum. The following exhibitions are permanent: Moravian Karst, The Oldest Ironworks, Ironworking in the 19th and 20th century, the castle"s history and the history of Blansko in relation to developing improved measurement devices. There are also exhibitions, cultural events and music concerts hel ...
Founded: 1431 | Location: Blansko, Czech Republic

Hazlov Castle

Hazlov was first mentioned in 1224 as a property of the noble house of Haslau. Bedřich of Hazlov probably built the castle in the village. It was repaired by Landwüst family in the late 15th century. The castle was left to decay after the Second World War, but it is partially restored.
Founded: 13th century | Location: Hazlov, Czech Republic

Nový Hrádek Castle

The ruins of Nový Hradek castle dates from the 14th century, on a promontory overlooking Dyje river. It is situated in the National Park Podyjí, accessible from the villages Podmolí or Lukov, but only on foot or by bicycle. The first historically proven owners of this territory were the Premonstratensian monks from the Louka monastery in Znojmo, who exchanged it with the Moravian Margrave John Henry ...
Founded: 1358 | Location: Znojmo, Czech Republic

Skalka Castle

Skalka Castle was built in the early 14th century. The first proven owner was Petr von Skalka between 1357 and 1360. In 1418, Skalken came to Hans von Sullowitz and remained in the possession of the noble family Cappleri de Sulewicz until 1540. In 1639 the Swedes burned the castle and it was not rebuilt. At the end of the 17th century, Jan Hrzán von Harras built a Baroque palace at the foot of the castle rock. The build ...
Founded: 14th century | Location: Vlastislav, Czech Republic

Gutstejn Castle

The Gutštejn castle is situated on the rock-bound pomontory over the stream Hadovka by Okrouhlé Hradiště in the Tachov district. The castle was founded around 1300 as a manor house of Lords of Gutštejn. In 1489 died Burian The Rich, which had been highest chancellor of the Bohemia kingdom. Later his sons rebelled again the czech king and became famous in Bohemia and Bavaria as thieves and marauders. At that time the ...
Founded: c. 1300 | Location: Konstantinovy Lázně, Czech Republic

Bor Castle

Bor Castle was built in the mid-13th century. Švamberk family owned it until 1650. originally a medieval moated castle, it was altered in an extensive late Gothic reconstruction and later in the 18th century to the current appearance. It has been a popular tourist destination since opening to visitors in 2003. Tour begins on the ground floor, next to the ticket office, and includes the diamond-vaulted Švamberk Hall with ...
Founded: 13th century | Location: Bor, Czech Republic

Libá Castle

Libá Castle and palace were the center of the Liebenstein rule. Hans von Sparneck sold Liebenstein Castle in 1426 to the von Zedtwitz family on Neuberg , who had already built up considerable property in the Ascher Ländchen. The robber baron Jörg von Zedtwitz used the castle for his raids against the city of Eger and owners of neighboring castles such as Seeberg or Haslau. The castle was finally destroyed by troops fro ...
Founded: 13th century | Location: Libá, Czech Republic

Starý Rybník Castle

Ruins of Starý Rybník castle are on a tiny rocky ridge between two ponds at the village of Starý Rybník. The castle was probably founded sometime during later part of the 14th century. Soon afterwards the castle passed on to the Frankengrüner family from Cheb. It was later acquired by the Gumerauers and the Brambachs, and throughout the major part of the 16th century it belonged to the Lords of Wirsperg. In the follo ...
Founded: 14th century | Location: Skalná, Czech Republic

Hartenstein Castle

Hartenštejn (originally Hartenstein) is a late Gothic ruined castle. There is around 1km long marked path to the site from Bochov. The castle was built before 1473 when it was first time mentioned in documents. It was abandoned after 1609.
Founded: 15th century | Location: Bochov, Czech Republic

Touzim Castle

Toužim town was first mentioned in a document from 1354, where was written about the site of a Premonstratensian provostry. The surrounding fortified town and castle were founded in 1469 during the Hussite Wars. The current appearance dates mainly from the mid-17th century. Today sime parts of castle remain.
Founded: 1469 | Location: Toužim, Czech Republic

Egerberk Castle Ruins

Egerberk is a ruined castle near Klášterec nad Ohří. First mentioned in 1317, the castle belonged to Wilhelm who first started to bear the attribute name 'of Egerberg'. Wilhelm was a friend of John of Luxembourg and accompanied him on his journeys. His brother Fritz was given several villages and started to bear the name of one of them - Pětipsy. The castle was then sold to the House of Šumburk from a nearby c ...
Founded: 1317 | Location: Klášterec nad Ohří, Czech Republic

Pravda Castle Ruins

Pravda Castle was a castle, the remains of which can be found on the hill above the village of Pnětluky. The name literally means the truth. The first document to mention Pravda was written in 1380. Today"s castle was probably built during second half of 15th century on top of a prehistoric fortification. At the time of construction it was a very modern and strong fortress. During the 16th century the importance ...
Founded: 15th century | Location: Pnětluky, Czech Republic

Libštejn Castle

Libštejn castle is located above the Berounka south of Liblín in the Rokycany district. The castle was built by the royal construction manager Ulrich Tista von Liebstein as a private residence and was first mentioned in writing in 1361. At the end of the 14th century the castle came into the possession of the lords of Kolowrat. In the Hussite Wars belonged Libštejn Bedřich von Kolowrat, who, together with his brother ...
Founded: 14th century | Location: Rokycany, Czech Republic

Vlčtejn Castle

Vlčtejn was first mentioned in 1284 as Wildenstein due to the bizzare high rock which it was built on. At first just a small, mostly wooden fort, it was widely rebuilt in the 14th century into a stone castle. It was a far, but important county owned by the wealthy Rosenberg family, and stood in the center of many historical events. 1421 seized by Hussites due to the owner deserting to their enemy, it stayed in the hands ...
Founded: 13th century | Location: Blovice, Czech Republic

Pajrek Castle

The ruins of the Pajrek Castle (Burg Bayereck) lie above the town of Nýrsko in the western part of the Bohemian Forest at a height of 505 metres above sea level. This important border castle was built at the beginning of the 14th century, but by 1472 it had already been abandoned. In 1504, the castle was rebuilt, but it was only used until the middle of the 16th century, when it was finally abandoned. Only the remains o ...
Founded: 14th century | Location: Nýrsko, Czech Republic

Hartenberg Castle

Hartenberg castle was probably built in the early 13th century by the lords of Hartenberg. The first information is from the year 1214. The Hartenberg family owned the castle until 1362, when Tema of Koldice obtained it from them and traded it in 1364 with Charles IV for Budysin. At the beginning of 15th century the Hartenberg family received the castle again but soon sold it to Jan Malerik. His descendants used the castl ...
Founded: 13th century | Location: Josefov, Czech Republic

Buben Castle

First mentioned in 1349, but possibly older, Buben castle was home of the knights of Buben (means literally 'drum'), and held it´s name even under other owners. The family sold their first castle around 1378 (they had other castles then), but they use the family name Buben until today. The castle often changed owners together with the surrounding lands, it wasn´t used for living because of it´s isolated posit ...
Founded: 14th century | Location: Plešnice, Czech Republic

Roupov Castle

The Gothic Roupov castle was founded in the 13th century, and after a Renaissance modernization was one of the most beautiful Czech castles. The now completely standing part was built later and is being used by the current owners, the old ruined part hides many original architectural pieces, and is freely accesible. The original black kitchen with a medieval chimney is still present, and a gothique well. The castle was in ...
Founded: 13th century | Location: Přeštice, Czech Republic

Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

Historic Site of the week

Caerleon Roman Amphitheatre

Built around AD 90 to entertain the legionaries stationed at the fort of Caerleon (Isca), the impressive amphitheatre was the Roman equivalent of today’s multiplex cinema. Wooden benches provided seating for up to 6,000 spectators, who would gather to watch bloodthirsty displays featuring gladiatorial combat and exotic wild animals.

Long after the Romans left, the amphitheatre took on a new life in Arthurian legend. Geoffrey of Monmouth, the somewhat imaginative 12th-century scholar, wrote in his History of the Kings of Britain that Arthur was crowned in Caerleon and that the ruined amphitheatre was actually the remains of King Arthur’s Round Table.

Today it is the most complete Roman amphitheatre in Britain.