Medieval castles in Sardinia

Castelsardo Castle

The town of Castelsardo originates from the castle built in the 12th or 13th century by the Doria family of Genoa. The castle and the village which gradually formed round it where the seat of the Doria"s fiefdom in the island called Castel Doria or Castelgenovese, until it was conquered by the Aragonese in the 15th century (1448), and named Castillo Aragonés (Castel Aragonese). Later it became the seat of the ...
Founded: 12th century | Location: Castelsardo, Italy

Pedres Castle

Located at 89 meters in height, the Pedres castle was built between 1296 and 1322 during the Pisan-Aragonese domination period during the ascent of the Visconti family. It is characterized by two squares, one upper and one lower, surrounded by polygonal walls, reachable through stairs built with large granite boulders. Its position allowed to control the territory up to the Gulf of Olbia. In 1339 the castle was entruste ...
Founded: 1296-1322 | Location: Olbia, Italy

Balaiana Castle

The Balaiana Castle is situated on Mount San Leonardo, at 299 metres above sea level, dominating the surrounding valley. You can walk through a staircase carved between granite rocks where the start path is located in the parking area, just 5 km from the village, on the road to Arzachena. The castle"s unique architecture, with features such as the special interlocking blocks of granite corners, dates back to the ...
Founded: 12th century | Location: Luogosanto, Italy

Goceano Castle

Castle of Burgos was built in 1134 by the Giudice of Logudoro Gonario II of Torres. Later it was in the hands of Genoese and Pisa armies and finally Aragonese left it to decay.
Founded: 1134 | Location: Burgos, Italy

Casteldoria Castle

Casteldoria Castle was built around the 12th century by the Genoese Doria family, and passed from the Genoese dominion to the Aragonese, then to the Arborea Giudicato and lastly to the Malaspina family. Only a few ruins remain of the fortress: parts of the walls, the remains of a chapel and a large cistern that was probably used to collect and store water. The famous tower, on the other hand, is well-preserved, and is an ...
Founded: 12th century | Location: Santa Maria Coghinas, Italy

Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

Historic Site of the week

Late Baroque Town of Ragusa

The eight towns in south-eastern Sicily, including Ragusa, were all rebuilt after 1693 on or beside towns existing at the time of the earthquake which took place in that year. They represent a considerable collective undertaking, successfully carried out at a high level of architectural and artistic achievement. Keeping within the late Baroque style of the day, they also depict distinctive innovations in town planning and urban building. Together with seven other cities in the Val di Noto, it is part of a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

In 1693 Ragusa was devastated by a huge earthquake, which killed some 5,000 inhabitants. Following this catastrophe the city was largely rebuilt, and many Baroque buildings from this time remain in the city. Most of the population moved to a new settlement in the former district of Patro, calling this new municipality 'Ragusa Superiore' (Upper Ragusa) and the ancient city 'Ragusa Inferiore' (Lower Ragusa). The two cities remained separated until 1926, when they were fused together to become a provincial capital in 1927.