Medieval churches in Denmark

Fuglse Church

The medieval church of Fuglse was originally dedicated to St Lawrence but after it was rebuilt in 1595 it was dedicated to the Holy Trinity. After the Reformation it was owned by the Crown until it was transferred to the prefect Henning Ulrich von Lützow in 1689 who gained ownership of nearby Søholt the following year. It later came into the ownership of Raben Huitfeld Levetzau til Kærstrup (1835) and th ...
Founded: 12th century | Location: Holeby, Denmark

Gloslunde Church

Gloslunde Church was built in the 13th century. Built of red brick but now whitewashed, the church consists of a Romanesque chancel and nave and a Gothic porch and sacristy. A 14th-century timber bell tower stands close to the church"s northwest corner. There are two small Romanesque windows on the chancel gable, now both bricked up. The east gable is also decorated with a round-arch frieze. The original flat wooden ...
Founded: 13th century | Location: Dannemare, Denmark

Fjelsø Church

Fjelsø Church oldest parts date from the 1200s, built of granite ashlars. The interior was decorated with paintings in 1895. The pulpit dates from 1736.
Founded: 13th century | Location: Aalestrup, Denmark

Olstrup Church

Olstrup Church is a Romanesque church built around 1200. In the Middle Ages, the church was originally dedicated to St Lawrence. Built of red brick, the relatively small church first consisted of a Romanesque chancel and nave. It was later extended to the west in the Late Gothic period with a stepped gable. The chancel"s cross-vaults and the round chancel arch may date from the church"s original construction. Th ...
Founded: c. 1200 | Location: Errindlev, Denmark

Dommerby Church

Dommerby Church was built in the Romanesque style around 1200. The red-brick parts were added in 1880. There is a beautiful silver-made chalice from c. 1300. The pulpit was made in 1751 and altarpiece in 1858.
Founded: 1200 | Location: Skive, Denmark

Tågerup Church

Tågerup Church is a Romanesque parish church dating from the beginning of the 13th century. Its nave is richly decorated with early 16th-century frescos painted by the Brarup workshop. The church was originally dedicated to Our Lady as documented in a letter of indulgence from 1470. An altar dedicated to the Virgin Mary attracted large numbers of pilgrims on the Feast of the Annunciation until 1636. Little is known ...
Founded: 1220 | Location: Rødby, Denmark

Tillitse Church

Tillitse Church was built in the first half of the 13th century and extended towards the west in the early 17th century. Little is known of its ownership in the Middle Ages but the Crown had clerical appointment rights at the time of the Reformation. In 1648, it was transferred to the ownership of the Rudbjerggård Estate where over the years it was governed by F.B. Bülow and Gustav Smith. It came into the owner ...
Founded: c. 1250 | Location: Dannemare, Denmark

Bjolderup Church

Bjolderup Church was built in the 12th century probably to replace a wooden church. It was expanded in the 15th century and and the tower was added in 1589. It was burned in the war or 1624-1627. In the church there are many paintings from 1778 painted by the Aabenraa artist Jess Jessen. The church greatest treasure is the "Bjolderup-stone", a tombstone from the grave of Ketil Urnes that now lies in as a part of ...
Founded: 12th century | Location: Bolderslev, Denmark

Bramdrup Church

Bramdrup Church dates probably from the late 12th century or 13th century and was rebuilt in 1880. In the cemetery is a memorial for fallen soldiers of Battle of Kolding (1849).
Founded: 12th century | Location: Kolding, Denmark

Eltang Church

Eltang Church was built around 1100 and enlarged later in the Middle Ages. The church bell dates from 1588.
Founded: c. 1100 | Location: Kolding, Denmark

Bevtoft Church

Bevtoft Church is located in the heart of Southern Jutland, and began its life as a romanesque chapel, which was expanded to a real parish church in the 1100s. Visit the church and the past, as you see the ancient features. The vaulted ceiling above the high altar is an octagonal crossed vault, which opens towards the nave in a pointed arch, where the organ is placed. The choir also has an octagonal crossed vault, whil ...
Founded: c. 1100 | Location: Bevtoft, Denmark

Bjerning Church

the exact foundation of Bjerning Church is unknown, but since the original part of the church, nave and choir is a typical Romanesque ashlar-church, it is reasonable to assume that is was erected around the year 1200. Fixtures in the church also confirms this, like a figure of an archbishop in wood, which has been dated to around 1250, and a figure of Mary and child from around 1350. On November 17th 1937, a violent fire ...
Founded: c. 1200 | Location: Haderslev, Denmark

Hjerting Church

Hjerting Church is Romanesque church from c. 1200. It is very small and is constructed of raw granite. It has no tower but does have a rigde turret, where the bell is. There is an interesting, and very small chancel arch leading into the chancel with its (for the size of the church) unusually large altarpiece.
Founded: c. 1200 | Location: Vejen, Denmark

Holbøl Church

Holbøl Church was built in the 12th century in Romanesque style, Gothic features were added later. The bell tower dates from 1753. One pulpit dates from 1641 and another from 1870.
Founded: 12th century | Location: Kruså, Denmark

Herslev Church

The western part of the chancel and the eastern part of the nave are the oldest parts of Herslev Church dating from the Romanesque period. The chancel and the nave were extended in the late Middle Ages, when the porch was presumably also built. When the chancel was extended, a vault was erected. The church was restored in 1881: the porch was rebuilt, the large windows were put in and a wall was put round a belfry at the ...
Founded: 12th century | Location: Fredericia, Denmark

Kværs Church

Kværs Church has a Romanesque chancel and have two newer extensions. West of the church stands a wooden belfry, built in 1815. An early Gothic figure of John the Baptist, from the 14th century, stands in the church and on the late Gothic bell is a primitive relief of one of the district"s most revered saints, St. Helper.
Founded: 1150-1200 | Location: Gråsten, Denmark

Moltrup Church

Moltrup Church is mentioned for the first time in 1460 but it was erected probably in the 12th century. The sacristy was added in 1728. The altarpiece is from the 17th century and pulpit from 1882.
Founded: 12th century | Location: Haderslev, Denmark

Nustrup Church

Nustrup Church consists of a Romanesque nave, choir and apse with late-Gothic tower and an unusually large weaponhouse towards the south. The church is rich in exciting fixtures, like a St. Hjælper (Saint Helper) crucifix from the early 1400s. The altarpiece dates from 1475 and Renaissance pulpit from 1575.
Founded: c. 1100 | Location: Haderslev, Denmark

Nybøl Church

Nybøl Church dates from c. 1150 and is typical Romanesque stone church. It was expanded later in the Middle Ages and again in 1582. The font is original from the Romanesque age. The pulpit dates from 1608.
Founded: c. 1150 | Location: Sønderborg, Denmark

Rinkenæs Old Church

Rinkenæs Old Church was built in 1158 in the Romanesque style. The church is found at the top of a hill. Originally it was surroundd by a village, however this disappeared around year 1300. In several places a close examination of the bricks will reveal marks which are traces of the many wars in the region: in addition, the church yard contains several historical relics, in particular of the Schleswig battles of the 19th ...
Founded: 1158 | Location: Gråsten, Denmark

Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

Historic Site of the week

Saint-Eustache

The Church of St Eustace was built between 1532-1632. St Eustace"s is considered a masterpiece of late Gothic architecture. The church’s reputation was strong enough of the time for it to be chosen as the location for a young Louis XIV to receive communion. Mozart also chose the sanctuary as the location for his mother’s funeral. Among those baptised here as children were Richelieu, Jeanne-Antoinette Poisson, future Madame de Pompadour and Molière, who was also married here in the 17th century. The last rites for Anne of Austria, Turenne and Mirabeau were pronounced within its walls. Marie de Gournay is buried there.

The origins of Saint Eustache date back to 13th century. The church became a parish church in 1223, thanks to a man named Jean Alais who achieved this by taxing the baskets of fish sold nearby, as granted by King Philip Augustus. To thank such divine generosity, Alais constructed a chapel dedicated to Sainte-Agnès, a Roman martyr. The construction of the current church began in 1532, the work not being finally completed until 1637. The name of the church refers to Saint Eustace, a Roman general of the second century AD who was burned, along with his family, for converting to Christianity, and it is believed that it was the transfer of a relic of Saint Eustache from the Abbey to Saint-Denis to the Church of Saint Eustache which resulted in its naming. Jeanne Baptiste d"Albert de Luynes was baptised here.

According to tourist literature on-site, during the French Revolution the church, like most churches in Paris, was desecrated, looted, and used for a time as a barn. The church was restored after the Revolution had run its course and remains in use today. Several impressive paintings by Rubens remain in the church today. Each summer, organ concerts commemorate the premieres of Berlioz’s Te Deum and Liszt’s Christus here in 1886.

The church is an example of a Gothic structure clothed in Renaissance detail. The church is relatively short in length at 105m, but its interior is 33.45m high to the vaulting. At the main façade, the left tower has been completed in Renaissance style, while the right tower remains a stump. The front and rear aspects provide a remarkable contrast between the comparatively sober classical front and the exuberant rear, which integrates Gothic forms and organization with Classical details. The L"écoute sculpture by Henri de Miller appears outside the church, to the south. A Keith Haring sculpture stands in a chapel of the church.

The Chapel of the Virgin was built in 1640 and restored from 1801 to 1804. It was inaugurated by Pius VII on the 22nd of December, 1804 when he came to Paris for the coronation of Napoleon. The apse chapel, with a ribbed cul-de-four vault, has at its centre a sculpture of the Virgin and Child of Jean-Baptiste Pigalle that the painter Thomas Couture highlighted by three large paintings.

With 8,000 pipes, the organ is reputed to be the largest pipe organ in France, surpassing the organs of Saint Sulpice and Notre Dame de Paris. The organ originally constructed by P.-A. Ducroquet was powerful enough for the premiere of Hector Berlioz" titanic Te Deum to be performed at St-Eustache in 1855.