Medieval churches in Denmark

Egtved Church

Egtved church was built in a Romanesque church in 1170 and a tower dates from 1863. The Egtved-runestone was found near the church in 1863, and are on display in the church.
Founded: 1170 | Location: Egtved, Denmark

Gram Church

Gram Church is a beautiful 12th century village church, once owned by the King. During the war with Sweden, it was given to Count Hans Schack, who presented it to the Danish state in 1926. Count"s chair from 1697, epitaphs and 6 old headstones in the porch.
Founded: 12th century | Location: Gram, Denmark

Hammelev Church

Hammelev Church dates from the Middle Ages and it was enlarged with porch and sacristy in the 18th century.
Founded: 12th century | Location: Haderslev, Denmark

Hvirring Church

The apse, choir and nave of Romanesque style Hvirring Church are built of granite. It was erected around 1175. The pulpit dates from the late 1500s.
Founded: c. 1175 | Location: Hedensted, Denmark

Hørup Church

Hørup Church is a Romanesque whitewashed granite block church with Gothic additions. It has an separate belfry. The pulpit dates from 1576 and 12 apostle figures in the altarpiece from 1425.
Founded: 12th century | Location: Sønderborg, Denmark

Stepping Church

Stepping Church was built in the early 12th century and the Late Gothic tower was added later. The pulpit dates from 1588.
Founded: 12th century | Location: Kolding, Denmark

Viuf Church

Viuf Church was built first time in the mid-12th century and it has been restored several times. The Romanesque choir and nave were built in Romanesque style and the tower was added in 1730. The church bell dates from 1447 and pulpit from 1600.
Founded: c. 1150 | Location: Kolding, Denmark

St. Bodil's Church

St Bodil's Church (Sankt Bodil Kirke) was built around 1200. It was dedicated to the English saint Botulf but by 1530 it had mistakenly become known by the woman's name "Bodil" although there has never been a Saint Bodil. As a result, the parish is called Bodilsker. The church first belonged to the Archbishopric of Lund, then came under the Danish crown at the time of the Reformation. In the 19th century, it became fully ...
Founded: ca. 1200 | Location: Neksø, Denmark

Selsø Church

Selsø Church was originally a small round church built in c. 1150. The two bells were probably casted in 1300 and 1467. The church has some wonderful mural paintings.
Founded: c. 1150 | Location: Skibby, Denmark

Aggersborg Church

The Vikings had a stronghold at Aggersborg surrounded by an enormous rampart. Towering to the north of the rampart there is a church of Aggersborg, probably erected during the 12th century. An interesting illuminated inscription of runes can be seen on the walls of the nave and the northern chancel wall. The altarpiece dates back to 1598, but it wasn't placed in Aggersborg until 1934. The previous altarpiece can be seen o ...
Founded: c. 1100 | Location: Logstor, Denmark

Kastrup Church

Kastrup Church was rebuilt to the Gothic style around 1480 and it was dedicated to St. Clemens. The altarpiece dates from 1520 and the crucifix from 1300s. The pulpit was made in c. 1600. There are graves of 98 German soldiers and 15 civilians from the World War II.
Founded: 1480 | Location: Vordingborg, Denmark

Fejø Church

Fejø Church oldest part was constructed in 1240, while the chancel, nave and church porch were added over the subsequent decades. In the Middle Ages the church was dedicated to St Nicholas, the patron saint of sailors. The church is situated right down by the water and originally served as a church for the surrounding islands, from where the congregation came to church by boat. The church has a tiled pyramidical r ...
Founded: 1240 | Location: Fejø, Denmark

Fole Church

Fole Church was built in the 12th century. After the Reformation it was moved to the crown who donated it in 1673 to count Schack, the owned of near Gram castle. The church has Romanesque features and Gothic tower.
Founded: 12th century | Location: Gram, Denmark

Old Haderslev Church

The old church of Haderslev (Gammel Haderslev Kirke) was uilt in the twelfth century as a Romanesque granite church, and the first tower was built in the Gothic time. The present tower is from 1911-12, but many changes have taken place through the centuries. The altar is made by granite. There is a wooden crucifix, and some brass-candlesticks from 1609. The frescos behind the altar have a motive from the Apocalypse. The ...
Founded: 12th century | Location: Haderslev, Denmark

Taps Church

Taps Church consists of Romanesque style choir, nave and apse and late medieval tower. The altarpiece is late Gothic.
Founded: 12th century | Location: Kolding, Denmark

Himmelev Church

Himmelev Church dates probably from the late 1100s and it was built in Romanesque style. The tower and arches were added around 1300 as well as Gothic style windows. The tower was rebuilt of brick around 1550. The oldest item in church is a crucifix from the 1300s. The font dates from 1625 and pulpit from 1630. The altar was made by Anders Nielsen Hatts workshop in Roskilde in the early 1600s.
Founded: 12th century | Location: Roskilde, Denmark

Vrejlev Priory

Vrejlev Priory was founded as a daughter house by canons from Børglum Abbey about 1165. It was small and built out of granite blocks. After a catastrophic fire in 1200 which destroyed the entire premises, it was decided to rebuild. 12 residential cells were built into the new north range for the Premonstratensian nuns who were to live in the rebuilt priory. Another range contained the refectory and cellars, and a t ...
Founded: 1165 | Location: Vrå, Denmark

Bogø Church

Bogø Church was originally built in the first part of the 13th century, but it was rebuilt in Gothic style in the mid-1500s. Today some medieval frescoes have survived.
Founded: 12th century | Location: Bogø, Denmark

Thorsager Church

Thorsager round church is the only one of its kind in Jutland (and one of Denmark's seven medieval round churches). It was built of brick around 1200 and is one of Jutland's oldest brick buildings - perhaps the oldest. Its thick walls (1m) are an indication of the defensive role it played. The church may lie on the site of a pre-Christian sacrificial place for the god Thor. The size of the church and its architecture s ...
Founded: c. 1200 | Location: Rønde, Denmark

Gauerslund Church

Gauerslund Church was founded in the 12th century and rebuilt several times. The latest addition is a tower from 1918 which was built after the old one collapsed. The baptismal font is the oldest item in the church, dating from the building time. The altarpiece dates from 1600 and pulpit from 1606.
Founded: 12th century | Location: Børkop, Denmark

Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

Historic Site of the week

Broch of Gurness

The Broch of Gurness is an Iron Age broch village. Settlement here began sometime between 500 and 200 BC. At the centre of the settlement is a stone tower or broch, which once probably reached a height of around 10 metres. Its interior is divided into sections by upright slabs. The tower features two skins of drystone walls, with stone-floored galleries in between. These are accessed by steps. Stone ledges suggest that there was once an upper storey with a timber floor. The roof would have been thatched, surrounded by a wall walk linked by stairs to the ground floor. The broch features two hearths and a subterranean stone cistern with steps leading down into it. It is thought to have some religious significance, relating to an Iron Age cult of the underground.

The remains of the central tower are up to 3.6 metres high, and the stone walls are up to 4.1 metres thick. The tower was likely inhabited by the principal family or clan of the area but also served as a last resort for the village in case of an attack.

The broch continued to be inhabited while it began to collapse and the original structures were altered. The cistern was filled in and the interior was repartitioned. The ruin visible today reflects this secondary phase of the broch's use.

The site is surrounded by three ditches cut out of the rock with stone ramparts, encircling an area of around 45 metres diameter. The remains of numerous small stone dwellings with small yards and sheds can be found between the inner ditch and the tower. These were built after the tower, but were a part of the settlement's initial conception. A 'main street' connects the outer entrance to the broch. The settlement is the best-preserved of all broch villages.

Pieces of a Roman amphora dating to before 60 AD were found here, lending weight to the record that a 'King of Orkney' submitted to Emperor Claudius at Colchester in 43 AD.

At some point after 100 AD the broch was abandoned and the ditches filled in. It is thought that settlement at the broch continued into the 5th century AD, the period known as Pictish times. By that time the broch was not used anymore and some of its stones were reused to build smaller dwellings on top of the earlier buildings. Until about the 8th century, the site was just a single farmstead.

In the 9th century, a Norse woman was buried at the site in a stone-lined grave with two bronze brooches and a sickle and knife made from iron. Other finds suggest that Norse men were buried here too.