Built in the 14th century, Erdut Castle lies on a bluff 70 metres above the Danube. The surrounding area below the bluff is completely flat, which provided an excellent view of any marauding hordes invading from the east. The settlement and castle is first mentioned as Ardud in 1335. The documents of the 15th century in Titel provost and the Bánffy family owned estate is mentioned in the Erdődy, dated 1552 and 1687 between the Turkish occupations.
The castle was damaged in July 1991, during the Croatian War of Independence, in an artillery attack launched by the Yugoslav People's Army (JNA). In the aftermath of the attack, Croatian authorities sent a list of Croatia's cultural monuments marked with the protective sign of the Hague Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict to the Yugoslav Defence Ministry and all JNA headquarters.References:
The castle of La Iruela, small but astonishing, is located on the top of a steep crag in Sierra de Cazorla, Segura y Las Villas Natural Park. From the castle, impressive views of the surrounding area and of the town can be enjoyed.
The keep dates from the Christian era. It has a square base and small dimensions and is located at the highest part of the crag.
There are some other enclosures within the tower that create a small alcázar which is difficult to access.
In a lower area of the castle, protected with defensive remains of rammed earth and irregular masonry, is an old Muslim farmstead.
After a recent restoration, an open-air theater has been built on La Iruela castle enclosure. This theater is a tribute to the Greek and Classic Eras and holds various artistic and cultural shows throughout the year.
The first traces of human activity in La Iruela area are dated from the Copper Age. An intense occupation continued until the Bronze Age.
Originally, La Iruela (like Cazorla) was a modest farmstead. From the 11th century, a wall and a small fortress were built on the hill to protect the farmers.
Around 1231, don Rodrigo Ximénez de Rada, Archbishop of Toledo, conquered La Iruela and made it part of the Adelantamiento de Cazorla. Over the Muslim fortress, the current fortress was built.
Once the military use of the fortress ended, it was used as cemetery.