The significance of Vrana to the medieval Croatian history was closely connected with three religious communities: the Benedictines, the Knights Templar, and the Knights Hospitaller. The arrival of these three orders in Vrana and their cultural and political influence was conditioned by the medieval circumstances in Croatia and by the Roman Pope. Vrana had become one of the most important centers of political life, especially in the period from 1070.

After the pope's deputies crowned him as the king of Croatia, King Zvonimir Dmitar in 1076 donated the city of Vrana and Benedictine monastery of St. Gregory, as a sign of loyalty to Pope Gregory VII. Vrana was the first permanent diplomatic headquarters of the pope's deputies in the entire Slavic region. Insignia of Croatian Kingdom were held within Vrana's walls for a long time. Consequently, Coloman of Hungary in 1102 came to the coronation in Biograd, as the nearest royal residence.

In the 12th century, the church Priory of Vrana donated this property to Knights Templar. At that time, Vrana was fortified with walls and towers and a moat. There are assumptions that the present ruins of a fortified facility above the village were part of a fortified town with a church. After Knights Templars, Vrana was the property of the Knights Hospitallers from 1312.

The Ottoman Empire conquered Vrana in 1527, and it remained under their control for a century, before the Republic of Venice took it in the Candian War briefly in 1647 and Morean War finally. In October 1683, the population of Venetian Dalmatia, principally Uskoks of Ravni kotari, took arms and together with the rayah (lower class) of the Ottoman frontier regions rose up, taking Skradin, Karin, Vrana, Benkovac and Obrovac.

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Founded: 12th century
Category: Castles and fortifications in Croatia

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en.wikipedia.org

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User Reviews

Marko mark (4 months ago)
The real thing. Unjustly neglected by the state ....
Dorota Żelazkiewicz (5 months ago)
No fees, there is a plaque with the history of the place in front of the entrance. Incorrectly marked on the google map, the castle is opposite the Maskovnica Han hotel.
Danijela (8 months ago)
The town of Vrana has played a key role in Croatian history. Here was the fortress and monastery of the Knights Templar, better known as the Old Town of Vrana. The crown of Croatian kings was kept in the Benedictine monastery in Vrana. In the 16th century, the Turks captured and took into captivity three thousand people in Vrana and completely took over this area.
Robert Zrilic (2 years ago)
Super
Marijo Šarić (3 years ago)
Super
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