The Duomo of San Giorgio is a Baroque church located in Ragusa Ibla, old part of Ragusa. Its construction began in 1738 and ended in 1775.
The church is one of the greatest expressions of Baroque style and religious architecture in Ragusa. It was designed by Rosario Gagliardi of Noto, an architect and a prominent figure of the then artistic movement. It stands on top of a monumental staircase and its angled position pointing to the square amplifies its majesty and plastic effects, also exalted by a slightly convex front side. The façade, with three orders, was built following the “tower” pattern: it grows up like a pyramid and incorporates the bell tower into the façade ending with a bulbous pinnacle.
The central door is finely carved with six high-reliefs made by Palermo native artist Vincenzo Fiorelli in 1793. Images depict the martyrdom of San Giorgio. In the second order, there is a frame with carvings adorned with a stained-glass window, which shows San Giorgio slaying the dragon; on the sides, it stands the equestrian statues of San Giorgio and St. James the Apostle. The third order, instead, contains the belfry on top of which stands an antique clock. Next to it, there are two statues of San Pietro and San Paolo.The church’s Latin cross plan is characterized by three naves separated by two sturdy columns.References:
Augustusburg Palace represents one of the first examples of Rococo creations in Germany. For the Cologne elector and archbishop Clemens August of the House of Wittelsbach it was the favourite residence. In 1725 the Westphalian architect Johann Conrad Schlaun was commissioned by Clemens August to begin the construction of the palace on the ruins of a medieval moated castle.
In 1728, the Bavarian court architect François de Cuvilliés took over and made the palace into one of the most glorious residences of its time. Until its completion in 1768, numerous outstanding artists of European renown contributed to its beauty. A prime example of the calibre of artists employed here is Balthasar Neumann, who created the design for the magnificent staircase, an enchanting creation full of dynamism and elegance. The magical interplay of architecture, sculpture, painting and garden design made the Brühl Palaces a masterpiece of German Rococo.
UNESCO honoured history and present of the Rococo Palaces by inscribing Augustusburg Palace – together with Falkenlust Palace and their extensive gardens – on the World Heritage List in 1984. From 1949 onwards, Augustusburg Palace was used for representative purposes by the German Federal President and the Federal Government for many decades.
In 1728, Dominique Girard designed the palace gardens according to French models. Owing to constant renovation and care, it is today one of the most authentic examples of 18th century garden design in Europe. Next to the Baroque gardens, Peter Joseph Lenné redesigned the forested areas based on English landscaping models. Today it is a wonderful place to have a walk.