White Tower of Thessaloniki

Thessaloniki, Greece

The White Tower is a monument and museum on the waterfront of the city of Thessaloniki. The present tower replaced an old Byzantine fortification, known to have been mentioned around the 12th century, that the Ottoman Empire reconstructed to fortify the city's harbour sometime after Sultan Murad II captured Thessaloniki in 1430. The tower became a notorious prison and scene of mass executions during the period of Ottoman rule.

The White Tower was substantially remodeled and its exterior was whitewashed after Greece gained control of the city in 1912. It has been adopted as the symbol of the city.

The White Tower houses an exhibition dedicated to the city of Thessaloniki and its history throughout various periods, organized by the city's Museum of Byzantine Culture.

References:

Comments

Your name



Details

Founded: 12th century
Category: Castles and fortifications in Greece

More Information

en.wikipedia.org

Rating

4.7/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Vanessa Wallner (2 months ago)
Make sure you have 3 vaccines to enter Inexpensive. 6 floors easy accent. They have little devices for free you can get from the front desk and it will help translate the information. The views are great
Writing Reflex (2 months ago)
Great building and Tower. Not really white ;) Though the second biggest city in Greece, Thessaloniki does really feel smaller - a plus, I consider, for such a historic city. There are many historical sites all over Thessaloniki, many of which are not widely known. On Google Maps, just tap the compass to see these, filter by attractions and distance, it'd bring attractions near you and just explore.
Fabio De Rosa (2 months ago)
One of the symbols of the city, once at the top of the tower, you will have a nice view of the port golf and Greek mountains. Nice history tour inside. Fee: 3 euro
Isaac Levine (5 months ago)
This is THE symbol of Thessaloniki, in a great location on the water. Excellent views on top. 6euros to get in, but no bathrooms. The tower itself is pretty cool and worth a quick stop. However -- the museum is entirely in Greek, and the included foreign language handset they give you (Japanese, English, Russian, or Turkish) is pretty much a joke. They are obviously not translating 70% of the material, and most of the information in the museum is therefore completely inaccessible to non-Greek speakers, presumably a large portion of their audience. This is a real shame as they obviously put a lot of thought and effort into organizing the museum otherwise. Seemed as if national pride ("What, you don't speak Greek??") got in the way of a functional experience. The ironic thing was that right outside the tower there is a garbage can which says in both Greek and English "City of Thessaloniki" on it. The garbage can is translated but not the museum. C'mon guys. Very disappointing.
Dmytro Demchuk (Raven) (9 months ago)
Historical place. Very nice port view on the top of tower. Many different room with history of this place. All room have interested digital presentation. Many information about history. Nice place to know something new about Thessaloniki.
Powered by Google

Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

Historic Site of the week

Royal Palace of Naples

Royal Palace of Naples was one of the four residences near Naples used by the Bourbon Kings during their rule of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies (1734-1860): the others were the palaces of Caserta, Capodimonte overlooking Naples, and the third Portici, on the slopes of Vesuvius.

Construction on the present building was begun in the 17th century by the architect Domenico Fontana. Intended to house the King Philip III of Spain on a visit never fulfilled to this part of his kingdom, instead it initially housed the Viceroy Fernando Ruiz de Castro, count of Lemos. By 1616, the facade had been completed, and by 1620, the interior was frescoed by Battistello Caracciolo, Giovanni Balducci, and Belisario Corenzio. The decoration of the Royal Chapel of Assumption was not completed until 1644 by Antonio Picchiatti.

In 1734, with the arrival of Charles III of Spain to Naples, the palace became the royal residence of the Bourbons. On the occasion of his marriage to Maria Amalia of Saxony in 1738, Francesco De Mura and Domenico Antonio Vaccaro helped remodel the interior. Further modernization took place under Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies. In 1768, on the occasion of his marriage to Maria Carolina of Austria, under the direction of Ferdinando Fuga, the great hall was rebuilt and the court theater added. During the second half of the 18th century, a 'new wing' was added, which in 1927 became the Vittorio Emanuele III National Library. By the 18th century, the royal residence was moved to Reggia of Caserta, as that inland town was more defensible from naval assault, as well as more distant from the often-rebellious populace of Naples.

During the Napoleonic occupation the palace was enriched by Joachim Murat and his wife, Caroline Bonaparte, with Neoclassic decorations and furnishings. However, a fire in 1837 damaged many rooms, and required restoration from 1838 to 1858 under the direction of Gaetano Genovese. Further additions of a Party Wing and a Belvedere were made in this period. At the corner of the palace with San Carlo Theatre, a new facade was created that obscured the viceroyal palace of Pedro de Toledo.

In 1922, it was decided to transfer here the contents of the National Library. The transfer of library collections was made by 1925.

The library suffered from bombing during World War II and the subsequent military occupation of the building caused serious damage. Today, the palace and adjacent grounds house the famous Teatro San Carlo, the smaller Teatrino di Corte (recently restored), the Biblioteca Nazionale Vittorio Emanuele III, a museum, and offices, including those of the regional tourist board.