The origins of the Niemodlin stone castle can be connected with the prince Kazimierz I of Opole in the first half of the 13th century. The castle, or actually the defensive tower, was located near the river ford, where princely fees were collected from travelers. In 1294 the castellan of Niemodlin was first recorded.
During the Hussite Wars Niemodlin was destroyed. In 1428, the taborites burned it during the armed march from Otmuchów and Paczków to Brzeg. It is not certain whether the castle was rebuilt immediately.
The castle was again damaged by fire in 1552. The duchy was taken over by the emperor Ferdinand Habsburg, who began to give it in a pledge of various, often changing, noble families. In 1581, the emperor Rudolf II sold the castle to the Puckler family, who from 1589 began the renaissance reconstruction. The work lasted until 1619, when the castle chapel was erected. During the Thirty Years War, the castle was again destroyed. As a result of the reconstruction a mannerist-baroque building was created with three palace ranges and a series of open galleries from the south-east. Remodeling from the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries obliterated the original spatial concept of the castle, among others on the site of the cloisters, a low range closing the courtyard was erected.
After the Second World War, the monument was the seat of the National Repatriation Office, a high school, an officer’s school, and in recent years it has been abandoned.References:
Built around AD 90 to entertain the legionaries stationed at the fort of Caerleon (Isca), the impressive amphitheatre was the Roman equivalent of today’s multiplex cinema. Wooden benches provided seating for up to 6,000 spectators, who would gather to watch bloodthirsty displays featuring gladiatorial combat and exotic wild animals.
Long after the Romans left, the amphitheatre took on a new life in Arthurian legend. Geoffrey of Monmouth, the somewhat imaginative 12th-century scholar, wrote in his History of the Kings of Britain that Arthur was crowned in Caerleon and that the ruined amphitheatre was actually the remains of King Arthur’s Round Table.
Today it is the most complete Roman amphitheatre in Britain.