The Basilica of St. James and St. Agnes is a basilica minor in Nysa. It is the largest sacramental building in the town, and historically cultural site of the town. The basilica was built on the turning point of the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, in the area known as the New Town. It was the first parish church, raised in between 1195 and 1198, consecrated by Wrocław's Jarosław Bishop in 1198.
The current church was built in two phases. The first stage was built before 1392, when the six-span church was built. The second stage was built between 1424 and 1430, when the chancel and ambulatory were built. St. James's Church was the highest building in the town at that time, with its rooftop surpassing all of the town's structures; taking part in an exceptionally historic part of town.References:
Dating from the 15th century, Kisimul is the only significant surviving medieval castle in the Outer Hebrides. It was the residence of the chief of the Macneils of Barra, who claimed descent from the legendary Niall of the Nine Hostages. Tradition tells of the Macneils settling in Barra in the 11th century, but it was only in 1427 that Gilleonan Macneil comes on record as the first lord. He probably built the castle that dominates the rocky islet, and in its shadow a crew house for his personal galley and crew. The sea coursed through Macneil veins, and a descendant, Ruari ‘the Turbulent’, was arrested for piracy of an English ship during King James VI’s reign in the later 16th century.
Heavy debts eventually forced the Macneil chiefs to sell Barra in 1838. However, a descendant, Robert Lister Macneil, the 45th Chief, repurchased the estate in 1937, and set about restoring his ancestral seat. It passed into Historic Scotland’s care in 2000.
The castle dates essentially from the 15th century. It takes the form of a three-storey tower house. This formed the residence of the clan chief. An associated curtain wall fringed the small rock on which the castle stood, and enclosed a small courtyard in which there are ancillary buildings. These comprised a feasting hall, a chapel, a tanist’s house and a watchman’s house. Most were restored in the 20th century, the tanist’s house serving as the family home of the Macneils. A well near the postern gate is fed with fresh water from an underground seam. Outside the curtain wall, beside the original landing-place, are the foundations of the crew house, where the sailors manning their chief’s galley had their quarters.