Strzelce Opolskie Castle

Strzelce Opolskie, Poland

Strzelce Opolskie Castle was a former residence of the Dukes of Opole located in Strzelce Opolskie. The castle was burned down during World War II by the Soviets and remains in ruins to this day.

The town of Strzelce Opolskie was situated on the trade route Kraków–Wrocław–Dresden. The settlement was initially surrounded by a thick forest. An original wooden hunting lodge was probably replaced by a stone structure in the 13th century. The castle was first mentioned in Liber fundationis episcopatus Vratislaviensis as Castrum Strelecense. The document is believed to be compiled in 1305.

The castle was built on a simple rectangular plan measuring 16,1 x 13,9 m and was, in fact, a limestone tower. In 1323 Albert became the duke of an independent Duchy of Strzelce/Strehlitz. He carried out extensive renovations to the castle and built a series of fortifications and a moat around it. After his death the castle and the duchy was taken over by the Piasts of Niemodlin and after the extinction of the line in 1382 it was passed to the Piasts of Opole. The dynasty owned the castle up to its extinction in 1532.

In the first half of the 16th century the castle was in very poor condition. From 1562 to 1596 major renovation works were carried out. From the middle of the 17th century to the beginning of the 19th century it was in hands of the Colonna family. The castle's heyday came after 1815 when Andreas Renard took its ownership and made it his main residence. An English-style landscape park was created in 1832. In 1840 Andreas Renard extended and remodelled the palace adding an adjacent tower and building horse stables near the west wing.

From 1932 to 1945 the palace was possessed by the Castell family. On 21 January 1945 Soviet troops set the town and castle on fire. The building remains in ruins to this day.

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Founded: 14th century
Category: Castles and fortifications in Poland

More Information

en.wikipedia.org

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4.3/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Grzegorz R. (6 months ago)
The building survived until January 21, 1945, when Soviet troops entered the city. And that was actually the most painful period in his history. After the rooms were thoroughly plundered by the so-called The "liberators" were set on fire. The fire lasted for several days by no one. When it self-extinguished, only the walls blackened by fire remained of the palace, which have not risen from the ruins until today. In modern times, little has been done, only the walls have been secured and the castle tower has been renovated. Currently, the castle is in private hands and, frankly speaking, in Strzelce Opolskie, hardly anyone believes that the castle will be rebuilt. A four-star hotel with conference rooms was to be built here. Initially, the work was stopped by the provincial conservator of monuments, who did not agree to the planned appearance of the castle after its reconstruction. Later, the problem was setting out fire roads. In the end, work was stopped by the need to lay underground 1,000 eight-meter reinforced concrete piles to strengthen the foundations, which turned out to be too expensive. Only plans to revitalize the castle remained on the advertising boards.
Zuzanna Kowalczyk (6 months ago)
Beautiful, super renovated tower. A must-see.
Sebastian D (6 months ago)
Big park, you can take a walk, but there is not much to see the ruins, a new tower and some walls
Aleksander Chudy (7 months ago)
The ruins can only be viewed from the outside, they are closed and partially fenced. There is information on the fence that the castle ruins are under revitalization. There is a beautiful park next to the ruins of the castle, a good place for a Sunday walk, and you can see what's left of the castle from all sides.
Arkadiusz Stanczyk (8 months ago)
You don't need to write anything here. The most beautiful ruins in the world. I know every corner of them, so that's why for me it's magic and childhood memories
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When William Rufus died, Arnulf de Montgomery joined his elder brother, Robert of Bellême, in rebellion against Henry I, William's brother and successor as king; when the rebellion failed, he was forced to forfeit all his British lands and titles. Henry appointed his castellan, but when the chosen ally turned out to be incompetent, the King reappointed Gerald in 1102. By 1138 King Stephen had given Pembroke Castle to Gilbert de Clare who used it as an important base in the Norman invasion of Ireland.

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Architecture

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