San Tirso Church

Oviedo, Spain

The Church of Saint Thyrsus (Iglesia de San Tirso) was established in the 790s. Dedicated to Saint Thyrsus, it was built by Tioda, the royal architect of Alfonso II of Asturias. The Great Fire of Oviedo in 1521 and rebuilding in the 18th century removed most of the original church, except for a three-light window.

The building has suffered so much from alterations over the centuries and only the general plan has been preserved. It is that of a basilica with nave and aisles divided by rude stone piers set at unequal intervals, from which round arches spring. In the easternmost bay, however, owing to the smaller span, the arch was made sufficiently pointed to raise its crown to the same height as the others. This irregularity was already typical of Imperial Roman times, when barrel vaults were given a pointed form in order to make the height of rooms of varying size uniform, as it was necessary to raise the crown of the vault in some of them. This is illustrated by various chambers in the House of Tiberius on the Palatine.

There is no satisfactory explanation of the 'many angels' the building is said to have presented in the Codex Vigilianus.

In the rectangular sanctuary atriplet round-arched window 2 by 2 metres is preserved. With its pre-romanesque bases, rough brick arches, and capitals with rude packed leaves, it gives an idea of the better style of building and carving in the time of Alfonso II of Asturias. It is known that the church of San Tirso housed Royal Chapel.



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Founded: 790s AD
Category: Religious sites in Spain

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ANGEL Suarez (8 months ago)
Right in the center, next to the Cathedral is this building, the foundation of King Alfonso II el Casto in the 9th century. With numerous transformations and modifications, it was completely transformed at the end of the 12th century, in the Romanesque period, and in the 14th century, when a large part of the temple was rebuilt. Destroyed by fire in 1521, The last modification occurred during the 20th century. Of the primitive church, only the head wall of the head remains, the upper part being visible and the lower part being one meter below street level. Listed as a Site of Cultural Interest, a Historic-Artistic Monument since 1931.
Pisadiel (11 months ago)
Church of San Tirso el Real (9th-16th century), in the cathedral square, called Alfonso II el Casto, in Uviéu (Asturies). It was part of the primitive palatial complex d'Uviéu, a new royal seat, the capital transferred from Santianes de Pravia. Its author could be the master architect Tioda. It has the wall of the front seen at the head-half buried over 3 m. and with a trífora window, perhaps from the supra-apse chamber, discovered in 1912- from its original pre-Romanesque construction (9th century), during the reign of Alfonso II d'Asturies (783 / 791-842), it has a Romanesque reform to ff. s. XII and another reform of the s. XIV. It was almost destroyed on the surface by the fire d'Uviéu of 1521, so it had a Renaissance reconstruction. It has a rectangular plan, with three naves between pillars that support semicircular arches, a triple head, a portico and buttresses on the façade. Three levels -two underground that correspond to the primitive temple-. Chapel of Santa Ana (1574) with a half point entrance arch, ribbed vault inside on corbels with angels with coats of arms and Plateresque decoration. Baroque main altarpiece by the master architect and sculptor from Oviedo, José Bernardo de la Meana (1715-90). Image of San Tirso by the Seguntine master sculptor Antonio Borja (1660-1730). Triptychs of the Oviedo painter Francisco Reiter Elze (1736-1815). Tomb on a pillar of Velasquita Giráldez -founder of the hospital and chapel of the Balesquida-, a lady of Frankish origin, married to Fernando Gonzalvi. King Alfonso III d'Asturies (866-910) donated this temple to his wife Queen Ximena (848-912).
Cesareo Suarez (16 months ago)
For its historical significance
Pepa Sanz (2 years ago)
Cozy parish where there are them. One feels comfortable and well attended and the liturgy is worth it.
Aique Rodríguez López (4 years ago)
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