Church of San Pedro de Plecín is a late Romanesque former parish church. It probably stands on an ancient pre-Christian place of worship and was built in the last quarter of the 12th century as a Romanesque chapel, or cella, of rectangular shape. The temple's west side was expanded in the 13th century and renovated and equipped with a porch in the 15th century. In the 16th century, a funeral chapel was attached on the northern side. In 1787, a new parish church was erected in the center of Alles, and this church was abandoned. The temple has a single nave and currently a straight apse, which was preceded by a semicircular apse. The main entrance is on the southern side. The apse is made out of blocks of sandstone, which are also used in the roof on the southern end. The nave is limestone masonry. The roof is topped by a barrel vault and the nave has a wooden ceiling.
The southern entrance rests on a plinth and is protected with a grooved tile. It consists of four slightly pointed archivolts, over which runs a honeycomb design similar to that on the posts which support the archivolts. The archivolts have various decorative elements, but the capitals are badly deteriorated. They are decorated with plant motifs, human figures and various fantastic creatures (mermaids, griffins and centaurs). Their base shafts no longer exist. On the right is a small window divided with an arrow, which is framed by a checkered dust cover and a molded and a five lobed archivolt arc.
The funeral chapel on the north side is of a square layout. It has no openings, and is roofed with a simple ribbed vault, which has helped protect the scalloped brackets upon which the roof rests.
Inside, the bases that supported the columns of the triumphal arch have been preserved. A possible capital of this arch is now in the City of Alles. It is decorated with plant motifs. The straight section preceding the apse runs under a covered arcade with three columns on each side, and the remaining two small bases. At present, vegetation and weeds invade the interior of the church and all its walls. Its ruins were recently cleaned and consolidated. The church of San Pedro/San Salvador de Plecín is a beautiful example of late Romanesque churches akin stylistically to other late Romanesque structures in Palencia and Burgos.References:
Roman Walls of Lugo are an exceptional architectural, archaeological and constructive legacy of Roman engineering, dating from the 3rd and 4th centuries AD. The Walls are built of internal and external stone facings of slate with some granite, with a core filling of a conglomerate of slate slabs and worked stone pieces from Roman buildings, interlocked with lime mortar.
Their total length of 2117 m in the shape of an oblong rectangle occupies an area of 1.68 ha. Their height varies between 8 and 10 m, with a width of 4.2 m, reaching 7 m in some specific points. The walls still contain 85 external towers, 10 gates (five of which are original and five that were opened in modern times), four staircases and two ramps providing access to the walkway along the top of the walls, one of which is internal and the other external. Each tower contained access stairs leading from the intervallum to the wall walk of town wall, of which a total of 21 have been discovered to date.
The defences of Lugo are the most complete and best preserved example of Roman military architecture in the Western Roman Empire.
Despite the renovation work carried out, the walls conserve their original layout and the construction features associated with their defensive purpose, with walls, battlements, towers, fortifications, both modern and original gates and stairways, and a moat.
Since they were built, the walls have defined the layout and growth of the city, which was declared a Historical-Artistic Ensemble in 1973, forming a part of it and becoming an emblematic structure that can be freely accessed to walk along. The local inhabitants and visitors alike have used them as an area for enjoyment and as a part of urban life for centuries.
The fortifications were added to UNESCO"s World Heritage List in late 2000 and are a popular tourist attraction.