Church of San Pedro de Plecín

Peñamellera Alta, Spain

Church of San Pedro de Plecín is a late Romanesque former parish church. It probably stands on an ancient pre-Christian place of worship and was built in the last quarter of the 12th century as a Romanesque chapel, or cella, of rectangular shape. The temple's west side was expanded in the 13th century and renovated and equipped with a porch in the 15th century. In the 16th century, a funeral chapel was attached on the northern side. In 1787, a new parish church was erected in the center of Alles, and this church was abandoned. The temple has a single nave and currently a straight apse, which was preceded by a semicircular apse. The main entrance is on the southern side. The apse is made out of blocks of sandstone, which are also used in the roof on the southern end. The nave is limestone masonry. The roof is topped by a barrel vault and the nave has a wooden ceiling.

The southern entrance rests on a plinth and is protected with a grooved tile. It consists of four slightly pointed archivolts, over which runs a honeycomb design similar to that on the posts which support the archivolts. The archivolts have various decorative elements, but the capitals are badly deteriorated. They are decorated with plant motifs, human figures and various fantastic creatures (mermaids, griffins and centaurs). Their base shafts no longer exist. On the right is a small window divided with an arrow, which is framed by a checkered dust cover and a molded and a five lobed archivolt arc.

The funeral chapel on the north side is of a square layout. It has no openings, and is roofed with a simple ribbed vault, which has helped protect the scalloped brackets upon which the roof rests.

Inside, the bases that supported the columns of the triumphal arch have been preserved. A possible capital of this arch is now in the City of Alles. It is decorated with plant motifs. The straight section preceding the apse runs under a covered arcade with three columns on each side, and the remaining two small bases. At present, vegetation and weeds invade the interior of the church and all its walls. Its ruins were recently cleaned and consolidated. The church of San Pedro/San Salvador de Plecín is a beautiful example of late Romanesque churches akin stylistically to other late Romanesque structures in Palencia and Burgos.



Your name


Founded: 12th century
Category: Religious sites in Spain

More Information


4.3/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Marta O (37 days ago)
Taking a short walk from the town of Alles, you reach the ruins of what was once this church dating from the 12th century and which underwent various transformations over the centuries. Due to lack of use and over the years it not only deteriorated due to the negligence of those who had to keep it but it was absolutely looted. A pity that only the walls are preserved to remind us of what was there centuries ago. The environment serves as a passage for the cows, who share space, and it is quite dirty. A shame
Valkirya Astur (4 months ago)
A visit to this magical place is highly recommended and where you can breathe a lot of peace. Late Romanesque Church and Necropolis located where, according to what they say, its construction had to be Christianized with it since pagan rituals were practiced.
jose luis diaz (4 months ago)
Testo of necropolis and Roman Church
June Vismale (5 months ago)
We enjoyed a short but intense walk to the ruins. Although the building is neglected it's still worth the visit.
Piotr Rolek (6 years ago)
Great ruin
Powered by Google

Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

Historic Site of the week


Glimmingehus is the best preserved medieval stronghold in Scandinavia. It was built 1499-1506, during an era when Scania formed a vital part of Denmark, and contains many defensive arrangements of the era, such as parapets, false doors and dead-end corridors, 'murder-holes' for pouring boiling pitch over the attackers, moats, drawbridges and various other forms of death traps to surprise trespassers and protect the nobles against peasant uprisings. The lower part of the castle's stone walls are 2.4 meters (94 inches) thick and the upper part 1.8 meters (71 inches).

Construction was started in 1499 by the Danish knight Jens Holgersen Ulfstand and stone-cutter-mason and architect Adam van Düren, a North German master who also worked on Lund Cathedral. Construction was completed in 1506.

Ulfstand was a councillor, nobleman and admiral serving under John I of Denmark and many objects have been uncovered during archeological excavations that demonstrate the extravagant lifestyle of the knight's family at Glimmingehus up until Ulfstand's death in 1523. Some of the most expensive objects for sale in Europe during this period, such as Venetian glass, painted glass from the Rhine district and Spanish ceramics have been found here. Evidence of the family's wealth can also be seen inside the stone fortress, where everyday comforts for the knight's family included hot air channels in the walls and bench seats in the window recesses. Although considered comfortable for its period, it has also been argued that Glimmingehus was an expression of "Knighthood nostalgia" and not considered opulent or progressive enough even to the knight's contemporaries and especially not to later generations of the Scanian nobility. Glimmingehus is thought to have served as a residential castle for only a few generations before being transformed into a storage facility for grain.

An order from Charles XI to the administrators of the Swedish dominion of Scania in 1676 to demolish the castle, in order to ensure that it would not fall into the hands of the Danish king during the Scanian War, could not be executed. A first attempt, in which 20 Scanian farmers were ordered to assist, proved unsuccessful. An additional force of 130 men were sent to Glimmingehus to execute the order in a second attempt. However, before they could carry out the order, a Danish-Dutch naval division arrived in Ystad, and the Swedes had to abandon the demolition attempts. Throughout the 18th century the castle was used as deposit for agricultural produce and in 1924 it was donated to the Swedish state. Today it is administered by the Swedish National Heritage Board.

On site there is a museum, medieval kitchen, shop and restaurant and coffee house. During summer time there are several guided tours daily. In local folklore, the castle is described as haunted by multiple ghosts and the tradition of storytelling inspired by the castle is continued in the summer events at the castle called "Strange stories and terrifying tales".