Santa María de Piasca

Cabezón de Liébana, Spain

The first documentary reference to Santa María de Piasca is a donation from 930 making reference to a basilica just founded on the site. Little over a decade later, in 941, an agreement was recorded between 36 nuns and an unknown number of monks under an abbess Aylo, telling us that the monastery housed a community of both sexes. The monastery's dual character faced several oscillations, with the nuns leaving and returning twice. The archeological evidence of the original monastic buildings shows a small single nave church and separate spaces for the two groups.  

A foundation stone records that the current church on the site, the Romanesque edifice, was dedicated in 1172 under a prior Petrus Albus. By this point the monastery had been incorporated into the larger Cluniac monastery of San Facundo y Primitivo de Sahagún (in 1122) and brought under the Benedictine Rule. The inscription also names the master of the project as Covaterio. The church has two sculpted portals, the west and the south. The portals have most likely been somewhat reconstructed, possibly with elements exchanged between the two. The triple arcade on the west façade has obviously been renovated as the central sculpture of Mary is from the sixteenth century. The two apostles (Peter and Paul) to her sides may have originally flanked an image of Christ, forming, as Ruth Bartal suggests, an abbreviated apostolado.

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Founded: 12th century
Category: Religious sites in Spain

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4.7/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Guillermo volders (4 months ago)
10th century church. Beautiful. Forced to visit it. Privileged environment.
Araceli G (4 months ago)
Nice Romanesque church. In winter at least there is no guided tour but you can ask the lady who lives in the house next to the hermitage to open the church for you (she will ask for a "donation"), although just seeing it from the outside is worth it.
Jose Angel (6 months ago)
One of the most marvelous places I’ve visited. Don’t miss it.
martinsanchana (9 months ago)
A charming place. The girl who gave us the guided tour (I can't remember her name) was excellent, a thorough and passionate explanation. A magical place to enjoy the Romanesque and Gothic art of the region.
Carmen Garcia Cortes (9 months ago)
Beautiful inside and out. Totally advisable. With innumerable figures in the eaves of the exterior and very beautiful capitals in the interior. Only two kilometers are indicated from the road, although it may seem like a short distance, the climb is uphill and there is no shoulder on the road. So better by car.
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