Santa María de Lebeña Church

Cillorigo de Liébana, Spain

The Church of Santa María is a Pre-Romanesque church located in Cillorigo de Liébana. It was built in the 10th century. The main Baroque style altarpiece dates from 1745.

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Founded: 10th century AD
Category: Religious sites in Spain

Rating

4.5/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Gam Shot (3 years ago)
Cute little one. It is so close to the wonderfully scenic road of the hermida gorge that is probably worth a stop.
J P Temple (3 years ago)
A wonderful church with some wonderful visigothic vandalism, however this time it was closed ☹️
Alistair Urie (4 years ago)
Ancient and beautiful.
Chifan Radu (4 years ago)
Great guiding experience and story of the place. Worth passing by for the 2 euros 20 minutes guided tour. Beautiful sights as well like all the surroundings!
Jera Jeruc (5 years ago)
Nice spot for photos, free WiFi, a few explanation boards. The church was closed though.
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Tyniec Benedictine abbey was founded by King Casimir the Restorer probably around 1044. Casimir decided to rebuild the newly established Kingdom of Poland, after a Pagan rebellion and a disastrous Czech raid of Duke Bretislaus I (1039). The Benedictines, invited to Tyniec by the King, were tasked with restoring order as well as cementing the position of the State and the Church. First Tyniec Abbot was Aaron, who became the Bishop of Kraków. Since there is no conclusive evidence to support the foundation date as 1040, some historians claim that the abbey was founded by Casimir the Restorer’ son, King Boleslaw II the Generous.

In the second half of the 11th century, a complex of Romanesque buildings was completed, consisting of a basilica and the abbey. In the 14th century, it was destroyed in Tatar and Czech raids, and in the 15th century it was rebuilt in Gothic style. Further remodelings took place in the 17th and 18th centuries, first in Baroque, then in Rococo style. The abbey was partly destroyed in the Swedish invasion of Poland, and soon afterwards was rebuilt, with a new library. Further destruction took place during the Bar Confederation, when Polish rebels turned the abbey into their fortress.

In 1816, Austrian authorities liquidated the abbey, and in 1821-1826, it was the seat of the Bishop of Tyniec, Grzegorz Tomasz Ziegler. The monks, however, did not return to the abbey until 1939, and in 1947, remodelling of the neglected complex was initiated. In 1968, the Church of St. Peter and Paul was once again named the seat of the abbot. The church itself consists of a Gothic presbytery and a Baroque main nave. Several altars were created by an 18th-century Italian sculptor Francesco Placidi. The church also has a late Baroque pulpit by Franciszek Jozef Mangoldt.