Castle of Charles V

Hondarribia, Spain

The Castle of Charles V is located in the strategic area of Hondarribia, at its highest point. It still conserves the structure of a medieval fortress and its defensive appearance. It was built in the 10th century by King Sancho Abarca of Navarre, although it was subsequently reformed by Emperor Charles V. The building served as both a castle and a palace, both connected by an interior courtyard. The castle had a square floor plan with sturdy walls. Highlights of the main facade include the doorway, rather small in size and decorated with an arch framed by the characteristic Islamic moulding known as an alfiz, over which can be seen the imperial coat of arms with the two-headed eagle of Charles V. It has today been restored and converted into a Parador hotel.

References:

Comments

Your name



Details

Founded: 10th century AD
Category: Castles and fortifications in Spain

More Information

www.spainisculture.com

Rating

4.4/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Peter Debruyn (10 months ago)
Best hotel I have ever visited.
Mohammad Dabbas (11 months ago)
Beautiful gem in the Basque region. Enjoy views from the parador and walk down to the marina area for some great Pinchos
Philippe Villa (11 months ago)
Very beautiful place, full of majesty.
Nicholas Haviland (18 months ago)
Wonderful place.great history.great hiking we will be back.the hotel staff was incredibly friendly
Bobsternberg (2 years ago)
Very disappointed with the service from front desk personnel. The day we arrived I found the two gentlemen at the front desk to be aloof and not very friendly. (Perhaps they were both just having a bad day). I've never had this experience at a Spanish hotel before. This is not a “first class” hotel. If you’re looking for a bathrobe, slippers and small bottles of water placed in your room every day, this is not the hotel for you. Our room was small but did have a lovely view and the bathroom was very nice. Fortunately there was a fan on the ceiling because our air conditioning did not work. The breakfast buffet was also great. But most importantly, I would strongly suggest to management that they provide some customer service training to their front desk personnel.
Powered by Google

Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

Historic Site of the week

Trinity Sergius Lavra

The Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius is a world famous spiritual centre of the Russian Orthodox Church and a popular site of pilgrimage and tourism. It is the most important working Russian monastery and a residence of the Patriarch. This religious and military complex represents an epitome of the growth of Russian architecture and contains some of that architecture’s finest expressions. It exerted a profound influence on architecture in Russia and other parts of Eastern Europe.

The Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius, was founded in 1337 by the monk Sergius of Radonezh. Sergius achieved great prestige as the spiritual adviser of Dmitri Donskoi, Great Prince of Moscow, who received his blessing to the battle of Kulikov of 1380. The monastery started as a little wooden church on Makovets Hill, and then developed and grew stronger through the ages.

Over the centuries a unique ensemble of more than 50 buildings and constructions of different dates were established. The whole complex was erected according to the architectural concept of the main church, the Trinity Cathedral (1422), where the relics of St. Sergius may be seen.

In 1476 Pskovian masters built a brick belfry east of the cathedral dedicated to the Descent of the Holy Spirit on the Apostles. The church combines unique features of early Muscovite and Pskovian architecture. A remarkable feature of this church is a bell tower under its dome without internal interconnection between the belfry and the cathedral itself.

The Cathedral of the Assumption, echoing the Cathedral of the Assumption in the Moscow Kremlin, was erected between 1559 and 1585. The frescoes of the Assumption Cathedral were painted in 1684. At the north-western corner of the Cathedral, on the site of the western porch, in 1780 a vault containing burials of Tsar Boris Godunov and his family was built.

In the 16th century the monastery was surrounded by 6 meters high and 3,5 meters thick defensive walls, which proved their worth during the 16-month siege by  Polish-Lithuanian invaders during the Time of Trouble. They were later strengthened and expanded.

After the Upheaval of the 17th century a large-scale building programme was launched. At this time new buildings were erected in the north-western part of the monastery, including infirmaries topped with a tented church dedicated to Saints Zosima and Sawatiy of Solovki (1635-1637). Few such churches are still preserved, so this tented church with a unique tiled roof is an important contribution to the Lavra.

In the late 17th century a number of new buildings in Naryshkin (Moscow) Baroque style were added to the monastery.

Following a devastating fire in 1746, when most of the wooden buildings and structures were destroyed, a major reconstruction campaign was launched, during which the appearance of many of the buildings was changed to a more monumental style. At this time one of the tallest Russian belfries (88 meters high) was built.

In the late 18th century, when many church lands were secularized, the chaotic planning of the settlements and suburbs around the monastery was replaced by a regular layout of the streets and quarters. The town of Sergiev Posad was surrounded by traditional ramparts and walls. In the vicinity of the monastery a number of buildings belonging to it were erected: a stable yard, hotels, a hospice, a poorhouse, as well as guest and merchant houses. Major highways leading to the monastery were straightened and marked by establishing entry squares, the overall urban development being oriented towards the centrepiece - the Ensemble of the Trinity Sergius Lavra.

In 1993, the Trinity Lavra was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List.