Golem Grad, also known as Snake Island, is located in Lake Prespa, a few kilometers from the Greek and Albanian border. Golem Grad is home to several ancient ruins and churches. It is also home to several different communities of animals, especially snakes.

The island is currently uninhabited and has been so since the mid-20th century, when the small monastic community left the island. The island can only be reached by boat.



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Konjsko, North Macedonia
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Founded: Unknown
Category: Miscellaneous historic sites in North Macedonia

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Jovan Atanasov (9 months ago)
Golem Grad (Snake Island or St. Peter) — an island in Prespa Lake of great cultural-historical importance.[1] It is mistakenly considered to be the only island in the Republic of Macedonia,[2] which actually has several lake and river islands. Golem Grad has been declared a strict nature reserve due to its specific geomorphological characteristics, characteristic flora and fauna, and due to its historical past. The island is 750 m long and 450 m wide, with the highest part 50 m above the lake. From all sides the island is surrounded by rocks and cliffs with a height of 20 to 30 meters. A plateau is formed above them with two elevations on the northern and southern part of the island. Among the hills there is a saddle that ends with small bays on the shores. These two bays are the only places from which the plateau can be accessed[3]. The environment with a large amount of water, the geological base and the proximity of the Mediterranean allowed the island to have a special microclimate which is the reason for the emergence of a rich and sparsely distributed vegetation, dominated by southern European floral elements (41 or 25.6% - sub-Mediterranean species; 29 or 18.2% - Eurasian; 20 or 12.6% - Mediterranean; 18 or 11.2% - Pontic; 17 or 10.6% - European; 10 or 6.2% - Mesian; 8 or 5.0% - circumpolar; 5 or 3.1% - cultural; 4 or 2.5% - Atlantic-Sub-Mediterranean; 3 or 1.9% - cosmopolitan; 3 or 1.9% - Illyrian; 2 or 1.2% - Scardo- Pinda). On the island of Golem Grad, according to academician Hans Em, two forest communities are clearly distinguished, namely the forest of wild foya (Biaro tenuifoliae-Juniperetum excelsae) and the forest of Webbi's almond and smooth nettle (Pruno webbii-Celtetum glabrae).
Martin Jonacik (2 years ago)
Very nice island, i like it.
Igor Ivanovski (2 years ago)
Must see!
Özcan özdemir (2 years ago)
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