It is not known whether an older, pre-Norman church originally stood on the site of current St Peter's Church, but it lies within the site of Roman Moridinum, inside the presumed west gate of the Roman walls. The church, if founded soon after the construction of the Norman castle, was located midway between the castle and the monastic settlement of Llandeulyddog, which is known to have existed before the Norman Conquest.
St Peter's Church is recorded as being transferred to Battle Abbey between 1107 and 1125. The current church building probably dates from later than this, with the nave and chancel dating to the 13th or 14th century. The south aisle and north transept possibly date to the late 14th century. The tower was rebuilt a century after that and a porch added at the same time. The nave and chancel were raised and largely rebuilt during the 16th century.
During the Tudor dissolution of the 1500s St Peter's became the property of the Crown. The Consistory Courts of the Chancellor of the Diocese of St Davids took place at the church and Bishop Robert Ferrar was tried here in 1555.
Until the nineteenth century, St Peter's was the only church in Carmarthen. This changed with the opening of St David's Church in the late 1830s. Repairs and restorations took place during the 19th-century and the current clock was added to the tower in 1903/4.
St Peter's is claimed to be the largest church in Wales and the longest nave in the diocese. The church walls are built from rubble stone with slate roofs. Within the tower there are eight bells, four of which are the original bells cast by Abraham Rudhall of Gloucester in 1722. The south porch was converted into a war memorial chapel in 1969, its door replaced with a pointed window. The main entrance to the church is via the door at the base of the tower.
The main body of the church consists of a long nave and chancel, separated from the south aisle by five arched bays. The hammerbeam roofs were replaced by Buckingham Palace architect, John Nash, in 1785, but these were replaced again in 1861 as part of the mid-nineteenth-century restorations. Many of the windows were replaced in 1846, or altered during the 1860s.
There are a large number of important tombs and memorials inside the church. The tomb of Rhys ap Thomas, reputed to have made the fatal blow to King Richard III, is located inside the church.References:
Goryōkaku (五稜郭) (literally, 'five-point fort') is a star fort in the Japanese city of Hakodate on the island of Hokkaido. The fortress was completed in 1866. It was the main fortress of the short-lived Republic of Ezo.
Goryōkaku was designed in 1855 by Takeda Ayasaburō and Jules Brunet. Their plans was based on the work of the French architect Vauban. The fortress was completed in 1866, two years before the collapse of the Tokugawa Shogunate. It is shaped like a five-pointed star. This allowed for greater numbers of gun emplacements on its walls than a traditional Japanese fortress, and reduced the number of blind spots where a cannon could not fire.
The fort was built by the Tokugawa shogunate to protect the Tsugaru Strait against a possible invasion by the Meiji government.
Goryōkaku is famous as the site of the last battle of the Boshin War.