Penrice Castle is the 13th-century successor to a strong ringwork. It was built by the de Penrice family, who were given land there for their part in the Norman conquest of Gower. The last de Penrice married a Mansel in 1410 and the castle and its lands passed to the Mansel family. The Mansels later bought Margam Abbey and made it their main seat, while retaining their Gower lands. The castle was damaged in the 17th-century English Civil War.

The stone castle is a large, irregular hexagon with a round keep on the west side, to which were attached two other towers and a partial mantlet or chemise wall. At the north-west corner is a twin square-towered gatehouse with another tower inside. The ground falls away steeply to the north, east, south and south west, where there are various other turrets, though not scientifically disposed. The whole structure is now in a dangerous condition, but the south wall can be seen from the footpath that runs past the 18th-century mansion on the estate, immediately to the south.

The mansion built in the 1770s by the neo-classical architect Anthony Keck for Thomas Mansel Talbot (1747–1813) of Margam and Penrice, is itself Grade I listed and among the finest country houses in Wales. While the mansion was being built, the surrounding park, also Grade I listed, was laid out in about 1773–76 by William Emes, a follower of Capability Brown. It was built to house Thomas Mansel Talbot's collection of antiquities and works of art. He visited Italy between 1769 and 1773 and bought antiquities from Thomas Jenkins, Gavin Hamilton and Giambattista Piranesi, including a Minerva with bronze helmet and a funerary monument (now in the Courtauld Institute, London). He also bought modern furniture by Albacini and Valadier and contemporary sculpture by Johan Tobias Sergel, and commissioned busts of himself and Pope Clement XIV from Christopher Hewetson (the latter now in the Victoria and Albert Museum, London). In addition he bought paintings by Rembrandt and Hackert and drawings by Poussin. His collections were shipped from Italy in 1772 and 1775 and displayed after his marriage in 1792. Much of the collection was later transferred to Margam Castle and sold at auction in 1941.

Information on the Penrice household and family in 1799–1806 and after appears in the published diaries and correspondence of a Scottish-born governess, Agnes Porter. This was collated by Joanna Martin, after finding the source materials in the castle attic in about 1973.

The mansion is now inhabited by the Methuen-Campbell family, who are direct descendants of the de Penrices.



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Founded: 13th century
Category: Castles and fortifications in United Kingdom

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User Reviews

Kazzymia Tyacke (2 years ago)
Beautiful choice of cottages in a stunning part of Britain. We love the Gower as walkers, we are spoilt here. Penrice with its woods, castle and Oxwich Bay make it a perfect place to stay for cpls & families. Fully equipped. Very comfy bed/sofas. Easy Parking. Gorgeous views. Sunrise is worth being up for here, watching it rise up from across the Bay from the bedroom window is now a treasured memory. Only problem - with the choice of pretty cottages we just can't decide on which one to visit next ❤
Joanna Bean (2 years ago)
2nd visit for us and it was amazing! Location was perfect as was the weather! We will be back!
Jamie Summerfield (2 years ago)
A collection of picture-postcard cottages on the Penrice Castle Estate in Oxwich, we stayed in Hillside. Lovely and cosy - especially when the log burner was roaring! - and nice comfy beds. The cottage garden at the back is huge, with a picnic table, place to dry clothes, and stunning views of the surrounding woodland
Fiona Barr (3 years ago)
Beautiful!!! Stunning estate and lovely cottage. We stayed in Rose cottage (we’ll equipped)and had a fabulous time! Lots to do and loads to explore. Found a remote beach called Broughton with a ‘ blue pool’ hidden away!
Natalie Thomson (3 years ago)
Perfect.... Each time we have visited we haven't wanted to leave ❤️
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