St Catharine's Church is a Grade I listed building, built between 1875 and 1882. The church was constructed in the Decorated Gothic style, and dressed with Forest of Dean sandstone. John Prichard, Llandaff's diocesan architect, who also worked on the restoration of Llandaff Cathedral, was heavily involved in the design project, although the building work was superintended by a local architect named John Jones. It replaced the older St Baglan's Church, a pre-Norman building that was largely destroyed by a fire in 1954.
The interior uses Quarella stone, Forest of Dean sandstone and 'Penarth' alabaster to create a polychromatic effect. The chancel is decorated with bands of marble and has a marble floor inlaid with Italian mosaic tiles. A brass memorial plaque commemorates Griffith Llewellyn and his wife Madelina (née Grenfell), both of whom are buried in the churchyard, close to the ruins of the original Saint Baglan's church.
Stained glass windows in the church include designs by William Morris (St Cecilia with Musical Angels) and Edward Burne-Jones (Crucifixion with the Virgin Mary and St John), as well as a Celtic Studios design installed in 1972.References:
Goryōkaku (五稜郭) (literally, 'five-point fort') is a star fort in the Japanese city of Hakodate on the island of Hokkaido. The fortress was completed in 1866. It was the main fortress of the short-lived Republic of Ezo.
Goryōkaku was designed in 1855 by Takeda Ayasaburō and Jules Brunet. Their plans was based on the work of the French architect Vauban. The fortress was completed in 1866, two years before the collapse of the Tokugawa Shogunate. It is shaped like a five-pointed star. This allowed for greater numbers of gun emplacements on its walls than a traditional Japanese fortress, and reduced the number of blind spots where a cannon could not fire.
The fort was built by the Tokugawa shogunate to protect the Tsugaru Strait against a possible invasion by the Meiji government.
Goryōkaku is famous as the site of the last battle of the Boshin War.