Lardos castle was built sometime in the 12th century, during the Byzantine era. When the Knights of the Order of St. John invaded the island in 1309, one of their immediate priorities was to locate ideal sites on which they could erect forts so that they could be used as lookout posts over the sea, but also to protect the soldiers from the enemy. When they came to Lardos, they discovered an entire fort from the Byzantine Era, which was in excellent condition. Very little restoration work was needed to be done to this stronghold, so for the new conquerors it was simply a matter of moving in.
The castle was then presented to the Genovese Admiral, Vinioli, by the Grand Master in the same year of their arrival, as reward for his part in the successful invasion of Rhodes. And that was not all that he was given his reward package included the entire settlement of Lardos. Today, the ruins of this once glorious Byzantine stronghold lie in very peaceful surroundings, in a remote location, some 500m from the residential part of Lardos, with only roaming goats for company a far cry from the days when the castle was buzzing with activity and the battle cries of warring soldiers. Also in the area of the castle, among the ruins of other smaller defenses, archaeologists had found remains of some of the mansions from the same era.References:
The Basilica of Santa Maria in Trastevere is one of the oldest churches of Rome. The basic floor plan and wall structure of the church date back to the 340s, and much of the structure to 1140-43. The first sanctuary was built in 221 and 227 by Pope Callixtus I and later completed by Pope Julius I.
The inscription on the episcopal throne states that this is the first church in Rome dedicated to Mary, mother of Jesus, although some claim that privilege belongs to the Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore. A Christian house-church was founded here about 220 by Pope Saint Callixtus I (217-222) on the site of the Taberna meritoria, a refuge for retired soldiers. The area was made available for Christian use by Emperor Alexander Severus when he settled a dispute between the Christians and tavern-keepers.
The church underwent two restorations in the fifth and eighth centuries and in 1140-43 it was re-erected on its old foundations under Pope Innocent II.