Skalka Castle was built in the early 14th century. The first proven owner was Petr von Skalka between 1357 and 1360. In 1418, Skalken came to Hans von Sullowitz and remained in the possession of the noble family Cappleri de Sulewicz until 1540. In 1639 the Swedes burned the castle and it was not rebuilt.
At the end of the 17th century, Jan Hrzán von Harras built a Baroque palace at the foot of the castle rock. The building material was obtained from the decaying castle, so that today, apart from the picturesque keep, which is not accessible, no other remains of the castle complex are preserved. Inside the tower, which last served as a hunger tower, inscriptions from the 17th century by prisoners have been found.
After the expropriation of the Schönborns, the castle served as a storage facility for the Litoměřice State Regional Archives from 1945 . In 1959 some repairs were made to the building. The castle has been owned by the Vlastislav Municipality since 2001. After repairs have been carried out, the second floor can be used for exhibitions and cultural events. The ground floor and first floor are in poor structural condition; security measures will continue to be carried out on the building fabric. The interior of the castle has not been preserved.References:
The Basilica of Santa Maria in Trastevere is one of the oldest churches of Rome. The basic floor plan and wall structure of the church date back to the 340s, and much of the structure to 1140-43. The first sanctuary was built in 221 and 227 by Pope Callixtus I and later completed by Pope Julius I.
The inscription on the episcopal throne states that this is the first church in Rome dedicated to Mary, mother of Jesus, although some claim that privilege belongs to the Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore. A Christian house-church was founded here about 220 by Pope Saint Callixtus I (217-222) on the site of the Taberna meritoria, a refuge for retired soldiers. The area was made available for Christian use by Emperor Alexander Severus when he settled a dispute between the Christians and tavern-keepers.
The church underwent two restorations in the fifth and eighth centuries and in 1140-43 it was re-erected on its old foundations under Pope Innocent II.