The Plasy Monastery was founded in 1144 by Duke Vladislav II as one of the oldest Cistercian monasteries in Bohemia. Monks from the Franconian Langheim settled Plasy. During the Hussites Wars in the first half of the 15th century buildings of the abbey were burnt out and almost all the goods were subsequently taken.
The monastery experienced a second period of prosperity after the Thirty Years‘ War: the baroque new buildings of the monastery, the large foursided courtyards and the pilgrimage church of Marianske Tynice are still characteristic of the landscape today – as are extensive agricultural areas for grain and fruit cultivation.
In 1826, the monastery building with the whole estate was purchased by Klemens von Metternich, who is buried in the Church of Saint Wenceslaus in the family tomb.
Built around AD 90 to entertain the legionaries stationed at the fort of Caerleon (Isca), the impressive amphitheatre was the Roman equivalent of today’s multiplex cinema. Wooden benches provided seating for up to 6,000 spectators, who would gather to watch bloodthirsty displays featuring gladiatorial combat and exotic wild animals.
Long after the Romans left, the amphitheatre took on a new life in Arthurian legend. Geoffrey of Monmouth, the somewhat imaginative 12th-century scholar, wrote in his History of the Kings of Britain that Arthur was crowned in Caerleon and that the ruined amphitheatre was actually the remains of King Arthur’s Round Table.
Today it is the most complete Roman amphitheatre in Britain.