The Roman amphitheatre of Lecce dates back to the second century AD and the time of Emperor Hadrian's rule. Featuring an elliptical layout, it's partly buried and partly supported by arcades resting on tuff columns. The amphitheatre of ancient Lupiae lies on what once were the eastern outskirts of the Roman city of Augustan Age, and was capable of seating a max. of 14.000 spectators, arranged in two tiers of seats, of which only the lower one still remains.
Particularly interesting are the fragments of friezes unearthed during excavations and the Latin inscriptions, which are to be found in the gallery dug into the rocks surrounding the arena.
Recommended to the visitor, are the groups of historiated capitals and some bas-reliefs depicting scenes of venationes. In the nearby of the amphitheatre, today an elegant culture venue hosting shows and concerts, there's a pre-Roman necropolis, where Messapian inscriptions have been found.References:
The Château du Haut-Koenigsbourg is situated in a strategic area on a rocky spur overlooking the Upper Rhine Plain, it was used by successive powers from the Middle Ages until the Thirty Years' War when it was abandoned. From 1900 to 1908 it was rebuilt at the behest of the German kaiser Wilhelm II. Today it is a major tourist site, attracting more than 500,000 visitors a year.
The first records of a castle built by the Hohenstaufens date back to 1147. The fortress changed its name to Koenigsburg (royal castle) around 1157. The castle was handed over to the Tiersteins by the Habsburgs following its destruction in 1462. They rebuilt and enlarged it, installing a defensive system designed to withstand artillery fire.
The fortification work accomplished over the 15th century did not suffice to keep the Swedish artillery at bay during the Thirty Years War, and the defences were overrun.