The remains of the Roman aqueduct – one of the best preserved of northern Italy – imposing and well-known, still stand just outside the contemporary residential area, along the Bormida stream and their construction can be dated back, as it is highly likely, to the first imperial times, perhaps even to the Augustan era (early 1st century AD).
Two separate large parts of the original above-ground structure still exist, respectively made up of seven and eight masonry pillars, quadrangular in shape (measuring between 180 and 300 cm on their side, in proportion to the vertical development of the same pillars) that become progressively smaller upwards with a series of regular offsets, with a height of about 15 metres. Diminished arches rest on the pillars (there are only four left) of 3.35 metres radius, above which ran the water pipe itself, which no longer exists. The route of the aqueduct covers a total length of about 12 kilometres, starting from the water catch basin located in the Lagoscuro area (today in the municipal district of Cartosio), through the Erro valley (along the orographic right side of the stream with the same name), Marchiolli region up to the left bank of the Bormida river, with a total difference in height of about 50 metres.References:
The castle of La Iruela, small but astonishing, is located on the top of a steep crag in Sierra de Cazorla, Segura y Las Villas Natural Park. From the castle, impressive views of the surrounding area and of the town can be enjoyed.
The keep dates from the Christian era. It has a square base and small dimensions and is located at the highest part of the crag.
There are some other enclosures within the tower that create a small alcázar which is difficult to access.
In a lower area of the castle, protected with defensive remains of rammed earth and irregular masonry, is an old Muslim farmstead.
After a recent restoration, an open-air theater has been built on La Iruela castle enclosure. This theater is a tribute to the Greek and Classic Eras and holds various artistic and cultural shows throughout the year.
The first traces of human activity in La Iruela area are dated from the Copper Age. An intense occupation continued until the Bronze Age.
Originally, La Iruela (like Cazorla) was a modest farmstead. From the 11th century, a wall and a small fortress were built on the hill to protect the farmers.
Around 1231, don Rodrigo Ximénez de Rada, Archbishop of Toledo, conquered La Iruela and made it part of the Adelantamiento de Cazorla. Over the Muslim fortress, the current fortress was built.
Once the military use of the fortress ended, it was used as cemetery.