Saint Laurent Church

Marseille, France

The story of the Saint-Laurent Church began in 870 AD, when Bishop Babon decided to build a fortified wall to protect the city from invasions. Several centuries later, as the city prospered, St. Laurent Church was built using pink stones from the Cap Couronne quarry. It was later discovered that it was built on the site of an ancient pagan temple in honour of the god Apollo. It became the 4th parish of Marseille. In a simple Romanesque-Provençal style, with modest dimensions, its simplicity and absence of any sculpted ornamentation recalls the style of the Cistercian abbeys of Le Thoronet, Sénanque and Silvacane, also known as the 'Three Provençal Sisters'. It consists of 3 naves, each separated by large square pillars. It was only in the 13th century that it became the parish for fishermen in Marseille. Then, in the 17th century, the Sainte Catherine chapel was built by white penitents because the Church had become too small. Juxtaposed with the Church, the Sainte Catherine Chapel opened its doors in 1604.

Later, in 1668, the part of the Church overlooking the sea was demolished to allow the construction of the Fort Saint Jean. The bell tower was rebuilt as it is today. In 1720, with the arrival of the Great Plague, the Bishop of Marseille celebrated a mass there to protect the city.

Then, at the time of the French Revolution, the Church was robbed of all its gold and silver treasures in order to transform them into coins. And a few months later, in March 1794, it was used as a military warehouse. It was reopened in 1801.

Fortunately, during World War II, the Church was partly spared from the bombardments, unlike the rest of the Old Port district. It faced significant damage. Reconstruction work was conducted gradually and was completed quite recently.

Today, the Church is part of Marseille's history. Many waves of immigration, especially of Neapolitans, gave this neighbourhood and this parish a strong southern influence. Thus, every year for August 15, the inhabitants of the district as well as the parish priest meet to take out a golden wooden statue representing the Virgin Mary. This one is taken to the nearby Cathedral of the Major to be blessed and to participate in a procession through the alleys of the Panier. This traditional event is reproduced year after year by the descendants of the Neapolitan fishermen who initiated it. This Italian-style procession in the heart of Marseille is unique and attracts more and more tourists every year.

References:

Comments

Your name



Details

Founded: 12th century
Category: Religious sites in France
Historical period: Birth of Capetian dynasty (France)

More Information

www.marseilletourisme.fr

Rating

4.3/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Michael's Vida (6 months ago)
Very beautiful!
Phil Douglas (4 years ago)
Such an interesting looking church and so reflective of Marseille. Wouldn't look out of place in North Africa or even Istanbul.
Hernando III SALAPARE (5 years ago)
it's a small church but it's very interesting, the architecture is amazing
Mariano Elisa Tolentino (5 years ago)
The Church of Saint-Laurent and Sainte-Catherine is a Roman-Provençal style, is the parish of fishermen and seafarers. Its interior is very minimalist but the solemnity and holiness is felt.
Marilou Tolentino (6 years ago)
A very unique church atop a hill. Here we heard the mass in French, it was very solemn and the church-goers were all dressed up in their Sunday best while we, the tourists were casually dressed :-) There was a flight of stairs to get to the church and you could see best view of the Old Port from here. There is also an overpass or a foot-bridge connecting the MUCEM/ Fort St. Jean and Église Saint-Laurent. It's a cool experience to cross the narrow bridge :-)
Powered by Google

Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

Historic Site of the week

Monte d'Accoddi

Monte d"Accoddi is a Neolithic archaeological site in northern Sardinia, located in the territory of Sassari. The site consists of a massive raised stone platform thought to have been an altar. It was constructed by the Ozieri culture or earlier, with the oldest parts dated to around 4,000–3,650 BC.

The site was discovered in 1954 in a field owned by the Segni family. No chambers or entrances to the mound have been found, leading to the presumption it was an altar, a temple or a step pyramid. It may have also served an observational function, as its square plan is coordinated with the cardinal points of the compass.

The initial Ozieri structure was abandoned or destroyed around 3000 BC, with traces of fire found in the archeological evidence. Around 2800 BC the remains of the original structure were completely covered with a layered mixture of earth and stone, and large blocks of limestone were then applied to establish a second platform, truncated by a step pyramid (36 m × 29 m, about 10 m in height), accessible by means of a second ramp, 42 m long, built over the older one. This second temple resembles contemporary Mesopotamian ziggurats, and is attributed to the Abealzu-Filigosa culture.

Archeological excavations from the chalcolithic Abealzu-Filigosa layers indicate the Monte d"Accoddi was used for animal sacrifice, with the remains of sheep, cattle, and swine recovered in near equal proportions. It is among the earliest known sacrificial sites in Western Europe.

The site appears to have been abandoned again around 1800 BC, at the onset of the Nuragic age.

The monument was partially reconstructed during the 1980s. It is open to the public and accessible by the old route of SS131 highway, near the hamlet of Ottava. It is 14,9 km from Sassari and 45 km from Alghero. There is no public transportation to the site. The opening times vary throughout the year.