Budeč was an early medieval settlement in Duchy of Bohemia within the modern Czech Republic. It was a gord founded by the Přemyslid dynasty. It is connected with presence of St. Wenceslaus. Today it is known as a place with the oldest preserved building in the country, the Church of Saints Peter and Paul.
According to archaeological findings, the hill was inhabited already in prehistoric times. The oldest evidence of the settlement comes from the period dating from the Middle Bronze Age and Knovíz culture of the Late Bronze Age. The first wall in the Slavic period was built right on the remains of prehistoric walls in the 9th century AD, perhaps by the Duke Bořivoj I. The written sources show that at the end of 9th and at the beginning of 10th century Budeč belonged to the main bases of Přemyslid dynasty.
The Church of Saints Peter and Paul is a rotunda built by the Duke Spytihněv I after the year 895. Its nave is the oldest standing building in the country.
Budeč was the place where Saint Wenceslaus (Wenceslaus I, Duke of Bohemia) stayed in his youth. According to St. Wenceslaus legends, he lived here and learned the basics of education, reading Latin books and singing psalms.
The last mention of Budeč is from the second half of the 13th century, when Queen Kunigunda of Halych donated Budeč to the Vyšehrad Chapter.References:
First record of Kastelholma (or Kastelholm) castle is from the year 1388 in the contract of Queen Margaret I of Denmark, where a large portion of the inheritance of Bo Jonsson Grip was given to the queen. The heyday of the castle was in the 15th and 16th centuries when it was administrated by Danish and Swedish kings and stewards of the realms. Kastelhoma was expanded and enhanced several times.
In the end of 16th century castle was owned by the previous queen Catherine Jagellon (Stenbock), an enemy of the King of Sweden Eric XIV. King Eric conquered Kastelholma in 1599 and all defending officers were taken to Turku and executed. The castle was damaged under the siege and it took 30 years to renovate it.
In 1634 Åland was joined with the County of Åbo and Björneborg and Kastelholma lost its administrative status.