The Church of St. Bartholomew in Kolín is a significant Gothic religious building. The early Gothic church was probably founded shortly after the establishment of the royal town of Kolín in the mid-13th century. Archaeological finds indicate that there was already another church on its site before. The founder and builder was probably King Přemysl Otakar II. The construction was initially led by the Přemyslid building guild. It was based on contemporary Saxon, Thuringian, and northern French models. The construction was completed before 1300 with the construction of two slender octagonal towers on the western façade.
In 1349, the church burned down. To restore it, Charles IV summoned his court architect, Peter Parler, in 1360. At that time, he was already supervising the construction of St. Vitus Cathedral in Prague. In Kolín, he started building a new, high choir on the site of the original presbytery. The restored church was consecrated in 1378.
In the late 15th century, the ringing of the north tower disrupted the statics. Therefore, in 1504, a separately standing octagonal bell tower was added, where the bells from the damaged tower were transferred. Until 1756, they were hung upside down. In 1728, a clock, first mentioned in 1494, was transferred to the wall of the bell tower.
On the south tower hung (probably from 1442) the legendary Vužan bell, cast from bell metal with a high proportion of silver and equipped with a band of pure gold. It was subject to special security measures and guarded as one of the city's greatest treasures. However, it was destroyed in a major city fire in 1796. At that time, the clock was also destroyed, and the interior of the church was damaged.
In the second half of the 19th century, architect Josef Mocker led an extensive puristic reconstruction of the church (similarly to St. Vitus Cathedral in Prague or Karlštejn Castle). For this purpose, the Society for the Completion of the Dean's Church in Kolín was founded in 1878. The restoration was completed in 1910. In 1945, the church was damaged by a bomb explosion during an air raid. A general reconstruction began in 1963 and continues to this day. In 1995, the church complex was declared a national cultural monument.
The Broch of Gurness is an Iron Age broch village. Settlement here began sometime between 500 and 200 BC. At the centre of the settlement is a stone tower or broch, which once probably reached a height of around 10 metres. Its interior is divided into sections by upright slabs. The tower features two skins of drystone walls, with stone-floored galleries in between. These are accessed by steps. Stone ledges suggest that there was once an upper storey with a timber floor. The roof would have been thatched, surrounded by a wall walk linked by stairs to the ground floor. The broch features two hearths and a subterranean stone cistern with steps leading down into it. It is thought to have some religious significance, relating to an Iron Age cult of the underground.
The remains of the central tower are up to 3.6 metres high, and the stone walls are up to 4.1 metres thick.