Saint Barbara's Church is a Roman Catholic church in Kutná Hora. It is one of the most famous Gothic churches in central Europe and it is a UNESCO world heritage site. St Barbara is the patron saint of miners (among others), which was highly appropriate for a town whose wealth was based entirely upon its silver mines.

Construction of the church began in 1388, but because work on the church was interrupted several times, it was not completed until 1905. The first architect was probably Johann Parler, son of Peter Parler. Work on the building was interrupted for more than 60 years during the Hussite Wars and when work resumed in 1481, Matěj Rejsek, Benedikt Rejt and Mikuláš Parler, assumed responsibility.

The original design was for a much larger church, perhaps twice the size of the present building. Construction, however, depended on the prosperity of the town's silver mines, which became much less productive. So, in 1588, the three-peaked roof had been completed.[2]and a provisional wall was constructed. A little later it was occupied by Jesuits who gradually changed the structure into Baroque style, though parts still remain in Gothic style.

The final process of repair and completion took place at the end of the 19th century, under architects J. Mocker and L. Labler.

Originally there were eight radial chapels with trapezoidal interiors. Later on, the choir was constructed, supported by double-arched flying buttresses.

Internal points of note are the glass windows, altars, pulpits and choir stalls. Medieval frescoes depicting the secular life of the medieval mining town and religious themes have been partially preserved.

References:

Comments

Your name

Website (optional)



Details

Founded: 1388
Category: Religious sites in Czech Republic

Rating

4.8/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Oku Olgac (6 months ago)
Must visit. Tender care and wonderful architecture. Get 3-in-1 ticket at the entrance..
Oibaf Fabio (7 months ago)
I generally don't review cathedral or churches but this time it was different. I liked it so much because, compared to others Prague's churches, you can visit this one everywhere because you have access to almost every part of it. Furthermore even the outside is great and there isn't even half of Prague's tourist so it's definitely a good choice and not a waste of time.
Maxwell Chastain (8 months ago)
Beautiful church in a beautiful setting. The stained glass was worth the trip and the walk from the train station. A high amount of painted stain glass and that is not my cup of tea but the work of an artisan is always impressive.
DD Kim (9 months ago)
Beautiful cathedral inside & out. As it was not too touristy, inside the cathedral was quiet and peaceful when I entered. Loved the ceiling! There is a small gift shop next to the restroom and they sell lots of nice stuff but only accept Czech Koruna. No Euro! I saw a group of Chinese tourist arguing with the staff at the cashier due to this issue.
Sahiba Bindra (9 months ago)
Perfect view of the city from the church. The church was beautifully constructed. Open garden for sitting. Perfect place for family and friends. Perfect Attraction for tourist
Powered by Google

Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

Historic Site of the week

Sirmione Castle

Sirmione castle was built near the end of the 12th century as part of a defensive network surrounding Verona. The castle was maintained and extended first as part of the Veronese protection against their rivals in Milan and later under the control of the Venetian inland empire. The massive fortress is totally surrounded by water and has an inner porch which houses a Roman and Medieval lapidary. From the drawbridge, a staircase leads to the walkways above the walls, providing a marvellous view of the harbour that once sheltered the Scaliger fleet. The doors were fitted with a variety of locking systems, including a drawbridge for horses, carriages and pedestrians, a metal grate and, more recently, double hinged doors. Venice conquered Sirmione in 1405, immediately adopting provisions to render the fortress even more secure, fortifying its outer walls and widening the harbour.

Thanks to its strategical geographical location as a border outpost, Sirmione became a crucial defence and control garrison for the ruling nobles, retaining this function until the 16th century, when its role was taken up by Peschiera del Garda.